Article

[Effects of inhaled anesthetics on human sperm motility in vitro].

Department of Anesthesiology, Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210008, China.
Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology 05/2008; 14(4):338-42.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To study the effects of inhaled anesthetics on human sperm motility in vitro.
Sperm samples were obtained from 20 healthy men by masturbation and prepared by the swim-up technique. The effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane at the clinical concentration (1.4%-5.6%) and high concentration (5.6%-84%) on human sperm motility in vitro were observed at 25 degrees C by the computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA).
The sperm vitality and motility were significantly increased on 0.5-4 h exposure to isoflurane at the clinical concentration and decreased gradually at high concentration (42%-84%). The effect of isoflurane on human sperm motility and vitality at the clinical concentration was reversible when the anesthetic withdrawn. Sevoflurane had no effects on human sperm motility and vitality at either the clinical or high concentration.
Isoflurane has a reversible increasing effect at the clinical concentration and a significant decreasing effect at the high concentration on the motility and vitality of human sperm, while sevoflurane does not affect human sperm motility and vitality at either concentration.

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Context: Evaluation of inhalation anesthetics on sperm and reproductive hormones are extremely important. Objective: Investigation of the effects of sevoflurane used as an inhalation anesthetic on sperm morphology and reproductive hormones in rat testes. Materials and methods: Forty Wistar-Albino male rats were divided into five groups of eight rats each. The control group received 2 L/min oxygen for seven days, 2 h/day while sevoflurane treatment S1 received 1 minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) sevoflurane + 2 L/min oxygen for seven days, 2 h/day, and sevoflurane S2 received 1 MAC sevoflurane + 2 L/min oxygen for seven days, 2 h/day followed by seven days of no treatment. Sevoflurane treatment S3 received 1 MAC sevoflurane + 2 L/min oxygen for 14 days, 2 h/day and sevoflurane treatment S4 received 1 MAC sevoflurane + 2 L/min oxygen for 14 days, 2 h/day, with no treatment for the following seven days. All rats were examined histologically after experimental procedures. Rat luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), testosterone (T), and inhibin levels were measured. Results: Histological injury scores were significantly higher in S2, S3, and S4 receiving sevoflurane in comparison to the control group (p = 0.001, <0.001, and 0.001, respectively). Sperm motility and concentration decreased in S3 and S4 compared to the control group (p = 0.03 and 0.02, respectively). Significant differences were detected among all groups for serum LH, FSH, T, and inhibin serum concentrations (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Testicular and sperm morphology, and reproductive hormones were affected by chronic exposure to sevoflurane. However, more randomized, controlled, and well-designed clinical studies with larger population are needed to confirm of these results.
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