A sensitive liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method for simultaneous determination of two active chromones from Saposhnikovia root in rat plasma and urine
ABSTRACT A sensitive and efficient liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of two active chromones (prim-O-glucosylcimifugin and 4'-O-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol) from Saposhnikovia root in rat plasma and urine. The plasma or urine samples were prepared by protein precipitation. Chromatographic separation of the two active chromones from matrix interferences was achieved on an Angilent TC-C(18) column with a mobile phase consisted of methanol, water and 0.1% formic acid. Puerarin was added as the internal standard. The method was validated with the concentration range 1.0-100 ng/mL in rat plasma and 10-1000 ng/mL in urine for prim-O-glucosylcimifugin, 1.5-150 ng/mL in plasma and 15-1500 ng/mL in urine for 4'-O-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol. The lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ) of prim-O-glucosylcimifugin and 4'-O-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol was 1.0 and 1.5 ng/mL in plasma, 10 and 15 ng/mL in urine, respectively. The intra- and inter-day precision across three validation days over the entire concentration range was lower than 9.0% as terms of relative standard deviation (R.S.D.). Accuracy determined at three quality control concentrations (2.0, 25 and 75 ng/mL for prim-O-glucosylcimifugin; 3.0, 37.5 and 112.5 ng/mL for 4'-O-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol) ranged from -1.9 to 3.9% as terms of relative error (R.E.). The LC-ESI-MS method was further applied to assess pharmacokinetics and urine excretion of the two chromones after oral administration of Fangfeng extract to rats. Practical utility of this new LC-MS method was confirmed in pilot pharmacokinetic studies in rats following oral administration.
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ABSTRACT: A liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of alisol A and alisol A 24-acetate from Alisma orientale (Sam.) Juz. in rat plasma using diazepam as an internal standard. A 200-μl plasma sample was extracted by methyl tert-butyl ether and the separation was performed on Kromasil C(18) column (150 × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) with the mobile phase of acetonitrile (containing 0.1% of formic acid)-water (73:27, v/v) at a flow rate of 0.8 ml/min in a run time of 10 min. The two analytes were monitored with positive electrospray ionization by selected ion monitoring mode. The lower limit of quantitation for both alisol A and alisol A 24-acetate were 10 ng/ml. The calibration curves were linear in the measured range 10-1,000 ng/ml for alisol A and 10-500 ng/ml for alisol A 24-acetate. The mean extraction recoveries were above 74.7% for alisol A and above 72.4% for alisol A 24-acetate from biological matrixes. The intra- and inter-day precision for all concentrations of quality controls was lower than 14.1% (RSD %) for each analyte. The accuracy ranged from -12.3% to 9.8% (RE %) for alisol A, and -8.6% to 14.2% (RE %) for alisol A 24-acetate. The method was successfully applied to the study on the pharmacokinetics of alisol A and alisol A 24-acetate in rat plasma.Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 01/2011; 399(3):1363-9. DOI:10.1007/s00216-010-4426-9 · 3.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Four chromones, prim-O-glucosylcimifugin, 4'-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol, cimifugin and sec-O-glucosylhamaudol, were isolated and purified from Saposhnikovia divaricata for the first time by high-performance counter-current chromatography (HPCCC) using a system consisting of ethyl acetate/n-butanol/ethanol/water (1:1:0.1:2, v/v/v/v). The separation parameters were first performed on the analytical HPCCC and the optimized conditions were then scaled up to preparative HPCCC. A total of 72.1 mg of prim-O-glucosylcimifugin, 27 mg of 4'-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol, 14.1 mg of cimifugin and 1.1 mg of sec-O-glucosylhamaudol were purified from 960 mg of the n-butanol extract of S. divaricata, each at over 90% purity as determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The structures of four compounds were identified by their retention time, the liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS) in the positive ion mode, and confirmed by NMR. The characteristic LC-ESI-MS fragmentation patterns of the four compounds were discussed, and found to be a very specific and useful tool for the structural identification of chromones from S. divaricata.Journal of Separation Science 03/2011; 34(5):520-6. DOI:10.1002/jssc.201000721 · 2.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Methods using high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) and tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) were developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of 5 chromones and 6 coumarins: prim-O-glucosylcimifugin (1), cimifugin (2), nodakenin (3), 4'-O-β-d-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol (4), sec-O-glucosylhamaudol (5), psoralen (6), bergapten (7), imperatorin (8), phellopterin (9), 3'-O-angeloylhamaudol (10) and anomalin (11), in Radix Saposhnikoviae. The separation conditions for HPLC-DAD were optimized using an Ascentis Express C18 (4.6 mm×100 mm, 2.7 μm particle size) fused-core column. The mobile phase was composed of 10% aqueous acetonitrile (A) and 90% acetonitrile (B) and the elution was performed under a gradient mode at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was set at 300 nm. The HPLC-DAD method yielded a base line separation of the 11 components in 50% methanol extract of Radix Saposhnikoviae with no interfering peaks detected. The HPLC-DAD method was validated in terms of linearity, accuracy and precision (intra- and inter-day), limit of quantification (LOQ), recovery, and robustness. Specific determination of the 11 components was also accomplished by a triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer equipped with an electrospray ionization (ESI) source. This HPLC-MS/MS method was also validated by determining the linearity, limit of quantification, accuracy, and precision. Quantification of the 11 components in 51 commercial Radix Saposhnikoviae samples was successfully performed using the developed HPLC-DAD method. The identity, batch-to-batch consistency, and authenticity of Radix Saposhnikoviae were successfully monitored by the proposed HPLC-DAD and HPLC-MS/MS methods.Journal of Chromatography A 07/2011; 1218(37):6319-30. DOI:10.1016/j.chroma.2011.06.103 · 4.26 Impact Factor