A sensitive liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method for simultaneous determination of two active chromones from Saposhnikovia root in rat plasma and urine.
ABSTRACT A sensitive and efficient liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of two active chromones (prim-O-glucosylcimifugin and 4'-O-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol) from Saposhnikovia root in rat plasma and urine. The plasma or urine samples were prepared by protein precipitation. Chromatographic separation of the two active chromones from matrix interferences was achieved on an Angilent TC-C(18) column with a mobile phase consisted of methanol, water and 0.1% formic acid. Puerarin was added as the internal standard. The method was validated with the concentration range 1.0-100 ng/mL in rat plasma and 10-1000 ng/mL in urine for prim-O-glucosylcimifugin, 1.5-150 ng/mL in plasma and 15-1500 ng/mL in urine for 4'-O-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol. The lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ) of prim-O-glucosylcimifugin and 4'-O-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol was 1.0 and 1.5 ng/mL in plasma, 10 and 15 ng/mL in urine, respectively. The intra- and inter-day precision across three validation days over the entire concentration range was lower than 9.0% as terms of relative standard deviation (R.S.D.). Accuracy determined at three quality control concentrations (2.0, 25 and 75 ng/mL for prim-O-glucosylcimifugin; 3.0, 37.5 and 112.5 ng/mL for 4'-O-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol) ranged from -1.9 to 3.9% as terms of relative error (R.E.). The LC-ESI-MS method was further applied to assess pharmacokinetics and urine excretion of the two chromones after oral administration of Fangfeng extract to rats. Practical utility of this new LC-MS method was confirmed in pilot pharmacokinetic studies in rats following oral administration.
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ABSTRACT: A liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of alisol A and alisol A 24-acetate from Alisma orientale (Sam.) Juz. in rat plasma using diazepam as an internal standard. A 200-μl plasma sample was extracted by methyl tert-butyl ether and the separation was performed on Kromasil C(18) column (150 × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) with the mobile phase of acetonitrile (containing 0.1% of formic acid)-water (73:27, v/v) at a flow rate of 0.8 ml/min in a run time of 10 min. The two analytes were monitored with positive electrospray ionization by selected ion monitoring mode. The lower limit of quantitation for both alisol A and alisol A 24-acetate were 10 ng/ml. The calibration curves were linear in the measured range 10-1,000 ng/ml for alisol A and 10-500 ng/ml for alisol A 24-acetate. The mean extraction recoveries were above 74.7% for alisol A and above 72.4% for alisol A 24-acetate from biological matrixes. The intra- and inter-day precision for all concentrations of quality controls was lower than 14.1% (RSD %) for each analyte. The accuracy ranged from -12.3% to 9.8% (RE %) for alisol A, and -8.6% to 14.2% (RE %) for alisol A 24-acetate. The method was successfully applied to the study on the pharmacokinetics of alisol A and alisol A 24-acetate in rat plasma.Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 01/2011; 399(3):1363-9. · 3.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A sensitive and reliable liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method has been developed and validated for simultaneous determination of cimifugin and prim-O-glucosylcimifugin in rat plasma after oral administration of Radix Saposhnikoviae (RS) extract, prim-O-glucosylcimifugin monomer solution and cimifugin monomer solution. Plasma samples were pretreated by protein precipitation with acetonitrile containing the internal standards puerarin and daidzein. LC separation was achieved on a Zorbax SB-C(18) column (150 × 4.6 mm i.d., 5 µm) with 0.1% formic acid in water and methanol by isocratic elution. The detection was carried out in select-ion-monitoring mode with a positive electrospray ionization interface. The fully validated method was successfully applied to the pharmacokinetic study of the analytes in rats. A bimodal phenomenon appeared in the concentration-time curve of prim-O-glucosylcimifugin and cimifugin after oral administration of RS extract. Prim-O-glucosylcimifugin mainly transformed to cimifugin when it was absorbed into blood. Both absorption and elimination of cimifugin after oral administration of RS were longer than after administration of single cimifugin. The pharmacokinetic parameters (AUC(0-t) , AUC(0-∞) and t(1/2) ) of prim-O-glucosylcimifugin and cimifugin by giving cimifugin monomer solution, prim-O-glucosylcimifugin monomer solution and RS extract had significant differences (P < 0.05).Biomedical Chromatography 01/2012; 26(10):1234-40. · 1.95 Impact Factor