A sensitive liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method for simultaneous determination of two active chromones from Saposhnikovia root in rat plasma and urine.
ABSTRACT A sensitive and efficient liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of two active chromones (prim-O-glucosylcimifugin and 4'-O-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol) from Saposhnikovia root in rat plasma and urine. The plasma or urine samples were prepared by protein precipitation. Chromatographic separation of the two active chromones from matrix interferences was achieved on an Angilent TC-C(18) column with a mobile phase consisted of methanol, water and 0.1% formic acid. Puerarin was added as the internal standard. The method was validated with the concentration range 1.0-100 ng/mL in rat plasma and 10-1000 ng/mL in urine for prim-O-glucosylcimifugin, 1.5-150 ng/mL in plasma and 15-1500 ng/mL in urine for 4'-O-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol. The lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ) of prim-O-glucosylcimifugin and 4'-O-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol was 1.0 and 1.5 ng/mL in plasma, 10 and 15 ng/mL in urine, respectively. The intra- and inter-day precision across three validation days over the entire concentration range was lower than 9.0% as terms of relative standard deviation (R.S.D.). Accuracy determined at three quality control concentrations (2.0, 25 and 75 ng/mL for prim-O-glucosylcimifugin; 3.0, 37.5 and 112.5 ng/mL for 4'-O-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol) ranged from -1.9 to 3.9% as terms of relative error (R.E.). The LC-ESI-MS method was further applied to assess pharmacokinetics and urine excretion of the two chromones after oral administration of Fangfeng extract to rats. Practical utility of this new LC-MS method was confirmed in pilot pharmacokinetic studies in rats following oral administration.
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ABSTRACT: There is a growing concern for the sensitive quantification of multiple components using advanced data acquisition method in herbal medicines (HMs). An improved and rugged UPLC-MS/MS method has been developed and validated for sensitive and rapid determination of multiply analytes from Tong-Xie-Yao-Fang (TXYF) decoction in three biological matrices (plasma/brain tissue/urine) using geniposide and formononetin as internal standards. After solid-phase extraction, chromatographic separation was performed on a C18 column using gradient elution. Quantifier and qualifier transitions were monitored using novel Triggered Dynamic multiple reaction monitoring (TdMRM) in the positive ionization mode. A significant peak symmetry and sensitivity improvement in the TdMRM mode was achieved as compared to conventional MRM. The reproducibility (RSD%) was ≤7.9% by applying TdMRM transition while the values were 6.8-20.6% for MRM. Excellent linear calibration curves were obtained under TdMRM transitions over the tested concentration ranges. Intra- and inter-day precisions (RSD%) were ≤14.2% and accuracies (RE%) ranged from -9.6% to 10.6%. The validation data of specificity, carryover, recovery, matrix effect and stability were within the required limits. The method was effectively applied to simultaneously detect and quantify 1 lactone, 2 monoterpene glucosides, 1 alkaloid, 5 flavonoids and 2 chromones in plasma, brain tissue and urine after oral administration of TXYF decoction. In conclusion, this new and reliable method is beneficial for quantification and confirmation assays of multiply components in complex biological samples.Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences 11/2013; 944C:90-100. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Yu Ping Feng San (YPFS, in Chinese: Jade Windscreen Powder), a well-known traditional Chinese medicine, is commonly used to cure the diseases of respiratory systems and immune systems. AIM OF THE STUDY: A selective and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry method (HPLC-MS) was developed and validated for simultaneous quantification of cycloastragenol, formononetin, calycosin, 4'-O-β-glucopyranosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol (GMV) and cimifugin in rat plasma after oral administration of Yu Ping Feng San decoction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plasma samples were extracted via solid-phase extraction (SPE), separated on a Zorbax SB-C18 column, detected by single quadruple mass spectrometry with an electrospray ionization interface, and quantified using selected ion monitoring mode. The current SPE-HPLC-MS assay was validated for linearity, intra-day and inter-day precisions, accuracy, extraction recovery and stability. The method was applied to a comparative pharmacokinetic study after administration of Yu Ping Feng San to rats at different doses (10, 20 and 40g/kg). RESULTS: The calibration curves were linear over the range 0.50-50ng/mL and 17.36-1736ng/mL. Intra- and inter-day precisions (relative standard deviations) were from 0.45% to 10.95%, and accuracy (relative recovery) from 95% to 115%. The extraction recoveries were greater than 88.42% for all analytes. Dose-dependence was shown for some constituents in the drug concentration-time profiles. Among all the active ingredients detected, cimifugin had the highest blood concentration (881-1510ng/mL), and cycloastragenol had the longest retention time in the rat body (15.06-20.44h). CONCLUSION: This analytical method is a selective, sensitive, precise, accurate, and reliable assay for simultaneous determination of cycloastragenol, calycosin, formononetin, GMV, and cimifugin in rat plasma.Journal of ethnopharmacology 12/2012; · 2.32 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A sensitive and reliable liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method has been developed and validated for simultaneous determination of cimifugin and prim-O-glucosylcimifugin in rat plasma after oral administration of Radix Saposhnikoviae (RS) extract, prim-O-glucosylcimifugin monomer solution and cimifugin monomer solution. Plasma samples were pretreated by protein precipitation with acetonitrile containing the internal standards puerarin and daidzein. LC separation was achieved on a Zorbax SB-C(18) column (150 × 4.6 mm i.d., 5 µm) with 0.1% formic acid in water and methanol by isocratic elution. The detection was carried out in select-ion-monitoring mode with a positive electrospray ionization interface. The fully validated method was successfully applied to the pharmacokinetic study of the analytes in rats. A bimodal phenomenon appeared in the concentration-time curve of prim-O-glucosylcimifugin and cimifugin after oral administration of RS extract. Prim-O-glucosylcimifugin mainly transformed to cimifugin when it was absorbed into blood. Both absorption and elimination of cimifugin after oral administration of RS were longer than after administration of single cimifugin. The pharmacokinetic parameters (AUC(0-t) , AUC(0-∞) and t(1/2) ) of prim-O-glucosylcimifugin and cimifugin by giving cimifugin monomer solution, prim-O-glucosylcimifugin monomer solution and RS extract had significant differences (P < 0.05).Biomedical Chromatography 01/2012; 26(10):1234-40. · 1.95 Impact Factor