FOXP1 abnormalities in lymphoma: translocation breakpoint mapping reveals insights into deregulated transcriptional control
ABSTRACT Deregulation of FOXP1 expression plays an important role in lymphoma development although the underlying molecular mechanism is poorly understood. FOXP1 is targeted by chromosome translocations in MALT lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, where high-level protein expression is associated with poor prognosis. Nonetheless, the incidence and nature of FOXP1 abnormalities at both the genetic and protein levels, and their correlation in these lymphomas are not well established. We investigated FOXP1 translocation, copy number change and protein expression in MALT lymphoma (n=321), MALT lymphoma with a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma component (59), nodal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (64) and extranodal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (151) by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. FOXP1 translocation was found in eight MALT lymphomas and three MALT lymphomas with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, with all positive cases originating in the stomach. In diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, the translocation was seen in 5 cases originating in the stomach (2), tonsil (1), large intestine (1) and lymph node (1). Immunoglobulin heavy chain gene was the translocation partner in 11 of the 16 positive cases. Fluorescence in situ hybridization mapping revealed FOXP1 breakpoints within the 5' untranslated region of the gene (upstream of exon 6, the first coding exon of full-length FOXP1) in 14 cases, but downstream of exon 6 (most likely upstream of exon 8) in the remaining 2 cases. Three copies of the FOXP1 gene were observed in MALT lymphoma (17%), MALT lymphoma with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (12%) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (32%), including cases with FOXP1 translocation (19%). Immunohistochemistry showed strong/moderate FOXP1 staining in all the cases with FOXP1 translocation. However, FOXP1 expression was independent of FOXP1 translocation or copy number changes. Our findings suggest that (1) FOXP1 translocation may disrupt the full-length FOXP1 transcript and lead to expression of FOXP1 transcript variants with alternate 5' ends and (2) mechanisms other than translocation and copy number changes are also responsible for FOXP1 overexpression in lymphoma.
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ABSTRACT: FOXP1 protein is expressed in normal activated B cells and overexpressed in a subset of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, including primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphomas (PCLBCL), leg type. High expression of FOXP1 has been associated to an unfavourable prognosis with independent survival significance. However, little is known regarding the mechanisms underlying the overexpression of FOXP1 in PCLBCL, leg type. Our aims were to analyze FOXP1 cytogenetic status and protein expression in a series of PCLBCL, leg type. Finally, we compared the observed results with those obtained in a group of patients with primary cutaneous follicle centre lymphoma (PCFCL). Fifteen patients with PCLBCL, leg type and nine patients with primary cutaneous follicle centre lymphoma (PCFCL) were included in the study. For each biopsy specimen, FOXP1 translocation and copy number changes were evaluated by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and protein expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Immunohistochemistry showed FOXP1 staining in 13 PCLBCL, leg type, whereas all PCFCL were negative. FISH analysis disclosed no translocations involving FOXP1 gene in any of the cases. However, FOXP1 gene gains (3 to 4 copies) were observed in 82% of samples of PCLBCL, leg type and in 37% of PCFCL. FOXP1 expression was independent from FOXP1 translocation. Our results confirm that overexpression of FOXP1 is present in a considerable proportion of PCLBCL, leg type and might indicate an unfavourable prognosis. Mechanisms not related to translocation seem to be responsible for this overexpression.Histology and histopathology 02/2011; 26(2):213-21. · 2.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Annotation of prostate cancer genomes provides a foundation for discoveries that can impact disease understanding and treatment. Concordant assessment of DNA copy number, mRNA expression, and focused exon resequencing in 218 prostate cancer tumors identified the nuclear receptor coactivator NCOA2 as an oncogene in approximately 11% of tumors. Additionally, the androgen-driven TMPRSS2-ERG fusion was associated with a previously unrecognized, prostate-specific deletion at chromosome 3p14 that implicates FOXP1, RYBP, and SHQ1 as potential cooperative tumor suppressors. DNA copy-number data from primary tumors revealed that copy-number alterations robustly define clusters of low- and high-risk disease beyond that achieved by Gleason score. The genomic and clinical outcome data from these patients are now made available as a public resource.Cancer cell 07/2010; 18(1):11-22. DOI:10.1016/j.ccr.2010.05.026 · 23.89 Impact Factor
- Journal of Hematopathology 10/2008; 1(2):145-60. DOI:10.1007/s12308-008-0012-x