Vitrification: an effective new approach to oocyte banking and preserving fertility in cancer patients.
ABSTRACT Oocyte cryopreservation is a useful tool for preserving the fertility of cancer patients at risk of losing ovarian function due to undergoing potentially sterilising therapies. Results obtained with different cryopreservation protocols have been disappointing, particularly those obtained with slow cooling procedures. The efficacy of vitrification as an application in clinical practice has recently been demonstrated. The aim of this study is to report results obtained with the Cryotop method of oocyte vitrification in a population of healthy women and to point out its potential usefulness for fertility preservation in oncological patients.
The study population consisting of non-oncological patients included 47 oocyte donors and 57 recipients undergoing an oocyte donation cycle of assisted reproductive technology (ART). A total of 693 mature metaphase II oocytes were collected following ovarian stimulation using long protocol down-regulation plus gonadotropin administration. Vitrification was carried out by means of the Cryotop method. Oocytes were donated to a compatible recipient after endometrial preparation.
Of the 693 oocytes, 666 (96.1%) survived. A total of 487 (73.1%) were fertilised successfully. One hundred and seventeen embryos were transferred to 57 recipients. Pregnancy rate per transfer and implantation rates were 63.2% and 38.5% respectively. Twenty-eight healthy babies were later born.
Oocyte cryo-banking by means of the Cryotop vitrification method represents a viable option for healthy women, producing excellent survival rates and a clinical outcome similar to that obtained with fresh oocytes. This approach could potentially be used in cancer patients who want to safeguard their fertility. Cancer patients could potentially benefit from this approach by storing their oocytes before the onset of the oncological therapy.
02/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0166-6
Article: Clinical application of oocyte vitrification: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To perform a systematic review of the literature to identify randomized controlled trials assessing the efficacy of oocyte vitrification in terms of oocyte survival, fertilization, embryo development, and pregnancy rates. Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Private university-affiliated IVF center, university-based hospital. Patients recruited in randomized controlled trials considering oocyte vitrification as one of the experimental arms and slow freezing or fresh oocytes control as the other. Vitrification of human oocytes vs. slow freezing or fresh oocytes. Ongoing pregnancy rate; secondary outcomes were clinical pregnancy rate, implantation rate, embryo development, fertilization rate, and oocyte survival. Five eligible studies were finally included. They involved 4,282 vitrified oocytes, 3,524 fresh oocytes, and 361 slow-frozen oocytes between 2005 and 2009. The rates of ongoing pregnancy, top-quality embryo, embryo cleavage, and fertilization did not differ between the vitrification and the fresh oocyte groups. The oocyte survival rate was higher in vitrified vs. slow-frozen oocytes (odds ratio [OR] 2.46, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.82-3.32), although heterogeneity between studies was observed. The fertilization rate was higher in vitrified vs. slow-frozen oocytes (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.07-2.11). Vitrification also resulted in a higher rate top-quality embryo (22.4% vs. 8.0%, OR 3.32, 95% CI 1.37-8.02) and embryo cleavage rate (day 2: 64.6% vs. 47.7%, OR 2.00, 95% CI 1.33-3.00; day 3: 53.0% vs. 33.3%, OR 2.25, 95% CI 1.32-3.85) as compared with slow freezing. Vitrification is an efficient method to preserve oocytes, although more large controlled clinical trials are needed to strengthen this conclusion.Fertility and sterility 06/2011; 96(2):277-85. · 3.97 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: With improved survival rates among cancer patients, fertility preservation is now being recognized as an issue of great importance. There are currently several methods of fertility preservation available in female cancer patients and the options and techniques via assisted reproduction and cryopreservation are increasing, but some are still experimental and continues to be evaluated. The established means of preserving fertility include embryo cryopreservation, gonadal shielding during radiation therapy, ovarian transposition, conservative gynecologic surgery such as radical trachelectomy, donor embryos/oocytes, gestational surrogacy, and adoption. The experimental methods include oocyte cryopreservation, ovarian cryopreservation and transplantation, in vitro maturation, and ovarian suppression. With advances in methods for the preservation of fertility, providing information about risk of infertility and possible options of fertility preservation to all young patients with cancer, and discussing future fertility with them should be also considered as one of the important parts of consultation at the time of cancer diagnosis.ISRN obstetrics and gynecology 01/2012; 2012:807302.