Coronary revascularization treatment based on dual-source computed tomography
ABSTRACT Therapy advice based on dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) in comparison with coronary angiography (CAG) was investigated and the results evaluated after 1-year follow-up. Thirty-three consecutive patients (mean age 61.9 years) underwent DSCT and CAG and were evaluated independently. In an expert reading (the "gold standard"), CAG and DSCT examinations were evaluated simultaneously by an experienced radiologist and cardiologist. Based on the presence of significant stenosis and current guidelines, therapy advice was given by all readers blinded from the results of other readings and clinical information. Patients were treated based on a multidisciplinary team evaluation including all clinical information. In comparison with the gold standard, CAG had a higher specificity (91%) and positive predictive value (PPV) (95%) compared with DSCT (82% and 91%, respectively). DSCT had a higher sensitivity (96%) and negative predictive value (NPV) (89%) compared with CAG (91% and 83%, respectively). The DSCT-based therapy advice did not lead to any patient being denied the revascularization they needed according to the multidisciplinary team evaluation. During follow-up, two patients needed additional revascularization. The high NPV for DSCT for revascularization assessment indicates that DSCT could be safely used to select patients benefiting from medical therapy only.
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ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular computed tomography (CVCT) with the recently released 64-slice technology increases spatial resolution and decreases acquisition times and slice thickness. We investigated the accuracy of 64-slice CVCT in relation to catheter angiography. We studied 66 sequential subjects who underwent 64-slice CVCT and catheter angiography within 30 days. Accuracy results were 94% for interpretable images, 95% for sensitivity, 96% for specificity, 97% for positive predictive value, and 92% for negative predictive value for lesions with >50% stenosis. We found 100% agreement between 64-slice CVCT and catheterization among vein graft evaluations (9 of 9). These metrics are vastly improved from the 16-slice generation and support 64-slice CVCT as a reliable diagnostic tool.The American Journal of Cardiology 01/2006; 97(2):173-4. DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.08.021 · 3.43 Impact Factor
ACC Current Journal Review 12/2005; 14(12):19-19. DOI:10.1016/j.accreview.2005.11.029
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ABSTRACT: To prospectively evaluate the diagnostic performance of 64-section multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) to detect significant coronary artery stenosis using conventional coronary angiography (CCA) as the reference standard. Institutional Review Board approval and informed consent were obtained. In this prospective study, 80 patients (61 male, 19 female, mean age 56) were examined. Sensitivity, specificity, positive (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV) were calculated. McNemar test was used to search for the significant difference between 64-section MDCT angiography and CCA to detect stenosis. Also, kappa index (kappa) for the agreement between MDCT angiography and CCA was calculated. The sensitivity, specificity, positive (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV) for detecting significant stenosis were 96%, 98%, 91%, 99%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV for classification of patients with or without CAD were 100% for all. McNemar test demonstrated no significant difference between 64-section MDCT angiography and CCA. Also, kappa index (kappa) indicated excellent agreement. Sixty-four section MDCT angiography is an effective diagnostic tool for the detection of significant coronary artery stenosis. Especially, the potential to differentiate patients with and without CAD may provide MDCT an important role in the prevention of unnecessary invasive diagnostic procedures.European Journal of Radiology 07/2007; 62(3):394-405. DOI:10.1016/j.ejrad.2007.01.009 · 2.16 Impact Factor