Phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent inhibition of collagen biosynthesis, alpha2beta1 integrin and IGF-I receptor signaling in cultured fibroblasts.
ABSTRACT The mechanism of collagen biosynthesis regulation is not fully understood. The finding that prolidase plays an important role in collagen biosynthesis and phosphoenolpyruvate inhibits prolidase activity "in vitro" led to evaluate its effect on collagen biosynthesis in cultured human skin fibroblasts. Confluent fibroblasts were treated with millimolar concentrations (1-4 mM) of phosphoenolpyruvate monopotassium salt (PEP) for 24 h. It was found that PEP-dependent decrease in prolidase activity and expression was accompanied by parallel decrease in collagen biosynthesis. However, the experiments with inhibitor of PEP production, 3-mercaptopicolinate revealed no direct correlation between collagen biosynthesis and prolidase activity and expression. Since insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) is the most potent stimulator of both collagen biosynthesis and prolidase activity, and prolidase is regulated by beta(1) integrin signaling, the effect of PEP on IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) and beta(1) integrin receptor expressions were evaluated. It was found that the exposure of the cells to 4 mM PEP contributed to a decrease in IGF-IR and beta(1) integrin receptor expressions. The data suggest that PEP-dependent decrease of collagen biosynthesis in cultured human skin fibroblasts may undergo through depression of alpha(2)beta(1) integrin and IGF-IR signaling. The hypothetical mechanism of the role of prolidase in IGF-IR, beta(1) integrin receptor expressions, and clinical significance of the process are discussed.
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ABSTRACT: Aim The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of caffeine on collagen biosynthesis in human skin fibroblasts and the influence of hyaluronic acid (HA) on this process. Materials and methods Collagen, [3H]-thymidine incorporation, and prolidase activity were measured in confluent human skin fibroblast cultures that had been treated with 1, 2, and 5 mM caffeine and with caffeine and 500 μg/mL HA. Western immunoblot analysis was performed to evaluate expression of β1-integrin receptor, insulin-like growth factor receptor phospho-Akt protein and mitogen-activated protein kinase (phospho-extracellular signal-regulated kinase). Results Caffeine inhibited collagen biosynthesis in a dose-dependent manner. The mechanism of this process was found at the level of prolidase activity. Caffeine significantly inhibited the enzyme activity. The addition of HA had no effect on collagen biosynthesis or prolidase activity in fibroblasts incubated with caffeine. Caffeine also had an inhibitory effect on DNA biosynthesis. HA, however, did not have any significant effect on this process. The inhibition of the expression of β1-integrin and insulin-like growth factor receptor in fibroblasts incubated with the caffeine indicates a possible mechanism of inhibition of collagen biosynthesis. Conclusion Caffeine reduces collagen synthesis in human cultured skin fibroblasts. HA did not have any significant protective effect on this process. This is the first study to our knowledge that reports caffeine-induced inhibition of collagen synthesis in human skin fibroblasts.Drug Design, Development and Therapy 10/2014; 8:1923-8. DOI:10.2147/DDDT.S69791 · 3.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The finding that hydralazine (HYD) affects collagen metabolism led us to investigate the mechanism of its action on collagen biosynthesis, prolidase expression and activity, expression of α(2)β(1) integrin, insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR), focal adhesion kinase (FAK), mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases (ERK(1), ERK(2)), and transcription factors hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and nuclear factor-κB p65 (NF-κB p65) in human dermal fibroblasts. Confluent fibroblasts were treated with micromolar concentrations (50-500 μM) of HYD for 24 h. HYD had no influence on cell viability. It was found that HYD-dependent increase in collagen biosynthesis was accompanied by a parallel increase in prolidase activity and expression, HIF-1α expression, and decrease in DNA biosynthesis, compared to untreated cells. Since collagen biosynthesis and prolidase activity are regulated by a signal induced by activated α(2)β(1) integrin receptor as well as IGF-IR, the expression of these receptors was measured by Western immunoblot analysis. The exposure of the cells to HYD contributed to the increase in IGF-IR expression without any effect on α(2)β(1) integrin receptor and FAK expressions. It was accompanied by a decrease in expression of MAP kinases and NF-κB p65, the known inhibitor of collagen gene expression. The data suggest that the HYD-dependent increase of collagen biosynthesis in cultured human skin fibroblasts results from activation of IGF-IR expression and prolidase activity and downregulation of NF-κB p65.Archiv für Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie 01/2013; 386(4). DOI:10.1007/s00210-013-0836-5 · 2.36 Impact Factor
European Journal of Integrative Medicine 12/2009; 1(4):236-237. DOI:10.1016/j.eujim.2009.08.027 · 0.65 Impact Factor