Macrophage migration inhibitory factor contributes to the immune escape of ovarian cancer by down-regulating NKG2D.

Department for Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.
The Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 5.52). 07/2008; 180(11):7338-48. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.180.11.7338
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The proinflammatory cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) stimulates tumor cell proliferation, migration, and metastasis; promotes tumor angiogenesis; suppresses p53-mediated apoptosis; and inhibits antitumor immunity by largely unknown mechanisms. We here describe an overexpression of MIF in ovarian cancer that correlates with malignancy and the presence of ascites. Functionally, we find that MIF may contribute to the immune escape of ovarian carcinoma by transcriptionally down-regulating NKG2D in vitro and in vivo which impairs NK cell cytotoxicity toward tumor cells. Together with the additional tumorigenic properties of MIF, this finding provides a rationale for novel small-molecule inhibitors of MIF to be used for the treatment of MIF-secreting cancers.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite evidence of cancer immune-surveillance, which plays a key role in tumor rejection, cancer cells can escape immune recognition through different mechanisms. Thus, evasion to Natural killer (NK) cell-mediated anti-tumor activity is commonly described and is mediated by various mechanisms, mainly cancer cell-induced down-regulation of NK-activating receptors (NCRs, NKG2D, DNAM-1, and CD16) as well as up-regulation of inhibitory receptors (killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors, KIRs, NKG2A). Alterations of NK cells lead to an impaired recognition of tumor cells as well as a decreased ability to interact with immune cells. Alternatively, cancer cells downregulate expression of ligands for NK cell-activating receptors and up-regulate expression of the ligands for inhibitory receptors. A better knowledge of the extent and the mechanisms of these defects will allow developing pharmacological strategies to restore NK cell ability to recognize and lyse tumor cells. Combining conventional chemotherapy and immune modulation is a promising approach likely to improve clinical outcome in diverse neoplastic malignancies. Here, we overview experimental approaches as well as strategies already available in the clinics that restore NK cell functionality. Yet successful cancer therapies based on the manipulation of NK cell already have shown efficacy in the context of hematologic malignancies. Additionally, the ability of cytotoxic agents to increase susceptibility of tumors to NK cell lysis has been studied and may require improvement to maximize this effect. More recently, new strategies were developed to specifically restore NK cell phenotype or to stimulate NK cell functions. Overall, pharmacological immune modulation trends to be integrated in therapeutic strategies and should improve anti-tumor effects of conventional cancer therapy.
    Frontiers in Immunology 01/2014; 5:122.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor is a critical proinflammatory cytokine produced by cells of innate and adaptive immune system. MIF plays a key role in cell cycle regulation and in the pathogenesis of many cancers. Recently, MIF has been studied in the upper aerodigestive tract cancer for its involvement in tumor progression, invasion, proliferation and cell motility. In addition, MIF appears to be a mediator in angiogenesis and in the development of metastasis and locoregional lymph node, which are often associated with a poor prognosis. The mechanisms of action responsible for MIF involvement in tumor progression are not completely elucidated. However, the main effects of MIF are mediated by the CD74 receptor. MIF binding to its receptor is responsible for the activation of several signaling pathways (ERK1/2 - MAPK, JAB1 - CSN5, PI3K - Akt), the inhibition of p53 and the stimulation of angiogenic factors including VEGF and IL-8. The overexpression of MIF also causes a reduction of the anti-tumor activity of the immune system. Finally, MIF could be an interesting biomarker in the diagnosis and monitoring of upper aerodigestive tract cancers. In this paper, we assess the state of knowledge of MIF involvement in upper aero-digestive tract cancers and we analyze the therapeutic perspectives.
    Revue de laryngologie - otologie - rhinologie 01/2013; 134(2):67-74.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Natural Killer (NK) cells are major effector cells of the innate immunity. The discovery, over two decades ago, of major histocompatibility complex-class I-specific inhibitory NK receptors and subsequently of activating receptors, recognizing ligands expressed by tumor or virus-infected cells, paved the way to our understanding of the mechanisms of selective recognition and killing of tumor cells. Although NK cells can efficiently kill tumor cells of different histotypes in vitro, their activity may be limited in vivo by their inefficient trafficking to tumor lesions and by the inhibition of their function induced by tumor cells themselves and by the tumor microenvironment. On the other hand, the important role of NK cells has been clearly demonstrated in the therapy of high risk leukemias in the haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation setting. NK cells derived from donor HSC kill leukemic cells residual after the conditioning regimen, thus preventing leukemia relapses. In addition, they also kill residual dendritic cells and T lymphocytes, thus preventing both GvH disease and graft rejection.
    Frontiers in Immunology 01/2014; 5:87.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 27, 2014