Journal of Medical Case Reports: the first 100 cases.
- SourceAvailable from: PubMed CentralCases Journal 03/2009; 2(1):119.
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Journal of Medical Case Reports
Journal of Medical Case Reports: the first 100 cases
Michael R Kidd*1, Sara del Olmo Fernández2 and Deborah C Saltman3
Address: 1Discipline of General Practice, The University of Sydney, Australia, 2Trainee in Family and Communitarian Medicine, Madrid, Spain and
3Institute of Postgraduate Medicine, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, UK
Email: Michael R Kidd* - firstname.lastname@example.org; Sara del Olmo Fernández - email@example.com;
Deborah C Saltman - firstname.lastname@example.org
* Corresponding author
The Journal of Medical Case Reports was launched in Febru-
ary 2007. This is an open access, online journal dedicated
to the publication of high quality case reports which make
a contribution to the expansion of medical knowledge .
It is the world's first international medical journal devoted
to the publication of case reports from all areas of clinical
medicine from anywhere in the world and accessible to
all. The editors believe that properly described case reports
can make a valuable contribution to medical research and
All articles published in the journal are freely and imme-
diately available online. In addition all articles are
archived in PubMed and PubMed Central. In line with the
policy of the publisher, BioMed Central, an article
processing charge is levied on all articles that are accepted
In the calendar year 2007, 185 peer-reviewed case reports
were published in the journal. The content of the first 100
manuscripts accepted for publication has been analysed
by clinical discipline, age and gender of the patients
described in the case reports, country of origin of the
patient and the first author of each manuscript, whether
the authors claim that this was the first report of such a
case published in the medical literature, whether the man-
uscript included clinical images, as well as further catego-
rization of features of the case reports.
The most common clinical disciplines represented in the
first 100 case reports were general surgery and general
medicine each with 11 cases, followed by oncology (7),
orthopaedics (7), ophthalmology (6), infectious diseases
(6), emergency room (6), urology (5), paediatrics (5),
haematology (4), otolaryngology (4), gastroenterology
(3), intensive care (3), respiratory medicine (3), rheuma-
tology (3), cardiology (2), clinical genetics (2), dermatol-
ogy (2), endocrinology (2), gynaecology (2), vascular
surgery (2), cardiothoracic surgery (1), nephrology (1),
neurology (1) and radiology (1). There were no cases pub-
lished from authors working in general practice among
the first 100 case reports.
The age range of patients described in the case reports was
0–9 years (8 cases), 10–19 years (8), 20–39 years (24),
40–59 years (27), 60–75 years (23) and 75 years and
above (10). There were 43 female patients and 57 male
The majority of patients described in the case reports were
living in Europe (49 cases) followed by Asia (24), North
America (16), Africa (4), South America (4) and Australa-
sia (3). The majority of patients were from the United
Kingdom (30 cases) followed by the United States of
America (14), Germany (5), Japan (5), Iran (4), Italy (4)
and Pakistan (4).
The continent where the first author was based was
Europe (51 cases), Asia (21), North America (21), Austral-
asia (3), South America (3) and Africa (1). The majority of
first authors were working in the United Kingdom (30),
followed by the United States of America (17), Germany
(5), Japan (5), Iran (4), Italy (4) and Pakistan (4).
31 cases were claimed by the author(s) to be the first ever
report in the accessible medical literature of such a case.
Published: 20 May 2008
Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008, 2:168 doi:10.1186/1752-1947-2-168
Received: 20 May 2008
Accepted: 20 May 2008
This article is available from: http://www.jmedicalcasereports.com/content/2/1/168
© 2008 Kidd et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0),
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008, 2:168 http://www.jmedicalcasereports.com/content/2/1/168
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This demonstrates the contribution that case reports can
make to the expansion of medical knowledge.
81 cases included clinical images. This demonstrates one
of the great potential uses of the Journal of Medical Case
Reports for medical education.
34 cases involved a person with an infection, 23 involved
a person with cancer, 21 involved a person with a vascular
condition, 14 involved a person with one or more malfor-
mations, 14 involved a person with a metabolic condition
and 9 involved a person who had experienced trauma. 31
cases involved iatrogenic problems and 6 cases involved
the death of the patient.
43 cases described a relatively common presentation of a
rare condition, 27 cases described a rare presentation of a
rare condition, 18 cases described a rare presentation of a
common condition, and 12 cases described a relatively
common presentation of a common condition but with
specific features which made the case suitable for publica-
16 cases described unreported or unusual side effects or
adverse interactions involving medications. 16 cases
described unexpected or unusual presentations of a dis-
ease, 6 cases described new associations or variations in
disease processes, 16 cases described presentation, diag-
nosis and/or management of new and emerging diseases,
20 cases described an unexpected association between dis-
eases or symptoms, 24 cases described an unexpected
event in the course of observing or treating a patient, and
2 cases described findings that shed new light on the pos-
sible pathogenesis of a disease or an adverse effect.
This analysis shows the great diversity in the cases being
published in this journal with cases contributed from
most areas of clinical medicine, from many different parts
of the world and describing patients from infancy to old
1. Kidd M, Hubbard C: Introducing Journal of Medical Case
Reports. Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007, 1:1.