Prevalence and characteristics of coronary artery disease in a population with suspected ischemic heart disease using CT coronary angiography: correlations with cardiovascular risk factors and clinical presentation.

Dipartimento di Radiologia e Cardiologia, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
La radiologia medica (Impact Factor: 1.46). 05/2008; 113(3):363-72. DOI: 10.1007/s11547-008-0257-6
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study was undertaken to describe the correlation between the distribution of coronary artery disease (CAD) in a symptomatic population with suspected ischaemic heart disease, cardiovascular risk factors (RF) and clinical presentation.
we studied 163 patients (mean age 65.5 years; 101 men and 62 women) referred for multidetector computed tomography coronary angiography (MDCT-CA) to rule out CAD. The patients had no prior history of revascularisation or myocardial infarction. We analysed how the characteristics of CAD (severity and type of plaque) can change with the increase in RF and how they are related to different clinical presentations.
patients were divided into three groups according to the number of RF: zero or one, two or three, and four or more. The percentage of coronary arteries with no plaque, nonsignificant disease and significant disease was 55%, 41% and 4%, respectively, in patients with zero or one RF; 27%, 51% and 22%, respectively, in patients with two or three RF; and 19%, 38% and 44%, respectively, in patients with four or more RF. Plaque in patients with nonsignificant disease was mixed in 65%, soft in 18% and calcified in 17%. The percentage of coronaries with no plaque in the three RF groups was 50%, 20% and 0% in patients with typical chest pain and 46%, 24% and 12% in those with atypical pain. The percentage of significant disease in patients with typical pain was 0%, 47% and 86% and in those with atypical pain 4%, 20% and 29%.
MDCT plays an important role in the identification of CAD in patients with suspected ischaemic heart disease. Severity and type of disease is highly correlated with RF number and assumes different characteristics according to clinical presentation.

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