The role of active zone protein Rab3 interacting molecule 1 alpha in the regulation of norepinephrine release, response to novelty, and sleep.
ABSTRACT Sleep mechanisms and synaptic plasticity are thought to interact to regulate homeostasis and memory formation. However, the influences of molecules that mediate synaptic plasticity on sleep are not well understood. In this study we demonstrate that mice lacking Rab3 interacting molecule 1 alpha (RIM1 alpha) (Rim1 alpha KO), a protein of the synaptic active zone required for certain types of synaptic plasticity and learning, had 53+/-5% less baseline rapid eye movement (REM) sleep compared with their wild type littermates. Also, compared with wild type littermates, exposure of the mice to an open field or to a novel object induced more robust and longer lasting locomotion suggesting altered habituation. This difference in exploratory behavior correlated with genotype specific changes in REM and deregulated release of norepinephrine in the cortex and basal amygdala of the Rim1 alpha KO mice. Also, moderate sleep deprivation (4 h), a test of the homeostatic sleep response, induced REM sleep rebound with different time course in Rim1 alpha KO and their wild type littermates. As norepinephrine plays an important role in regulating arousal and REM sleep, our data suggest that noradrenergic deficiency in Rim1 alpha KO animals impacts exploratory behavior and sleep regulation and contributes to impairments in learning.
- SourceAvailable from: Larry D SanfordNeuroscience 10/2008; 156(4):1136-1137. DOI:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2008.07.076 · 3.33 Impact Factor
Article: Mammalian sleep genetics.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mammalian sleep is a complex phenomenon governed by the interplay of neural circuits and signaling systems. The impact of genetic manipulations on sleep-wake dynamics provides important insights into this complex behavior. Here we review the sleep-related phenotypes of over 50 transgenic animal models spanning a variety of signaling systems. This heterogeneous literature includes outcomes spanning motor activity patterns, sleep-wake stage architecture, responses to sleep deprivation, circadian rhythmicity, and other perturbations such as food restriction, temperature challenge, and infection exposure. Insights from these animal experiments hold potential to converge with the well-known sleep-wake neurocircuitry as well as the increasingly available human genetic information, especially in patient populations exhibiting sleep-wake pathology.Neurogenetics 09/2012; 13(4):287-326. DOI:10.1007/s10048-012-0341-x · 2.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: It has been known for a long time that genetic factors affect sleep quantity and quality. Genetic screens have identified several mutations that affect sleep across species, pointing to an evolutionary conserved regulation of sleep. Moreover, it has also been recognized that sleep affects gene expression. These findings have given valuable insights into the molecular underpinnings of sleep regulation and function that might lead the way to more efficient treatments for sleep disorders.Nature Reviews Neuroscience 09/2009; 10(8):549-60. DOI:10.1038/nrn2683 · 31.38 Impact Factor