Article

In vivo emergence of vicriviroc resistance in a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype C-infected subject.

Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Journal of Virology (Impact Factor: 4.65). 06/2008; 82(16):8210-4. DOI: 10.1128/JVI.00444-08
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Little is known about the in vivo development of resistance to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) CCR5 antagonists. We studied 29 subjects with virologic failure from a phase IIb study of the CCR5 antagonist vicriviroc (VCV) and identified one individual with HIV-1 subtype C who developed VCV resistance. Studies with chimeric envelopes demonstrated that changes within the V3 loop were sufficient to confer VCV resistance. Resistant virus showed VCV-enhanced replication, cross-resistance to another CCR5 antagonist, TAK779, and increased sensitivity to aminooxypentane-RANTES and the CCR5 monoclonal antibody HGS004. Pretreatment V3 loop sequences reemerged following VCV discontinuation, implying that VCV resistance has associated fitness costs.

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