Sarcoidosis and autoimmune thyroid disease. A case series of ten patients.
ABSTRACT Sarcoidosis coexisting with autoimmune disorders, especially with autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD), has been previously described and a common immunopathogenesis has been proposed. We report a series of ten new cases of this association from a large series of patients with sarcoidosis.
The clinical records of patients diagnosed with sarcoidosis between 1984 and 2006 in the Bellvitge University Hospital were reviewed, and those who were also diagnosed as having ATD were selected. A review of the literature was performed as well.
Ten out of 348 (2.9%) patients with sarcoidosis were identified as having ATD. Sarcoidosis presented as Löfgren's syndrome in 8 patients. Three patients developed Graves' disease, 6 Hashimoto's thyroiditis with hypothyroidism and one had postpartum thyroiditis. In one case, ATD had developed 15 years before sarcoidosis. In the remaining nine cases, sarcoidosis preceded between 4 months to 17 years the development of ATD. In 3 of these cases, sarcoidosis was active when ATD was diagnosed. In one patient, Graves' disease developed immediately after the administration of potassium iodide to treat erythema nodosum.
Sarcoidosis may be associated with ATD at some time of its evolution, either as hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. Usually, ATD does not develop during the period of activity of sarcoidosis. We suggest considering personal and family past history of thyroid disease before administering potassium iodide for erythema nodosum in patients with sarcoidosis, as it could trigger hyperthyroidism, especially in patients with iodine deficiency.
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ABSTRACT: Sarcoidosis rarely involves the thyroid gland. Pain in the thyroid gland area was only sporadically reported in patients suffering from this disease. The aim of this paper is to report and discuss the cases of two female patients with Graves' disease who presented painful, rapidly growing, recurrent goiters (after strumectomy in their early adult lives). Invasive treatment was applied and sarcoidosis was revealed histologically. The first patient suffered from dysphagia and dyspnoea due to large goiter; skin lesions were present as well. Sarcoidosis was diagnosed in histological examination of the thyroid tissue specimens. Steroid treatment was ineffective; thus, the thyroid was removed. Two years later thyroid sarcoidosis recurred as a painful goiter and surgical treatment was applied once again. In the second case, thyroid ultrasound findings suggesting malignancy, and prompted the decision to perform thyroidectomy despite the fact that FNAB (fine needle aspiration biopsy) revealed cells indicative of a "granulomatous disease in the post-resection scar" and results of the thorax high-resolution computed tomography scan suggested pulmonary sarcoidosis. Pathological examination confirmed sarcoidosis. However, a papillary cancer focus was also found.Arquivos brasileiros de endocrinologia e metabologia 04/2012; 56(3):209-14. · 0.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Minimal-change glomerular disease, sarcoidosis and autoimmune thyroid disease rarely occur in the same patient. We herein report a patient in which minimal-change glomerular disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis developed during the treatment of sarcoidosis with steroids. A 66-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with symptoms of nephrotic syndrome. Nine months before admission, she was diagnosed as having ocular and pulmonary sarcoidosis, for which prednisolone at an initial dose of 40 mg/day was started. When the dose of prednisolone was tapered to 20 mg/day, she noticed swelling of the lower extremities. Examination confirmed the simultaneous occurrence of minimal-change glomerular disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, which were diagnosed based on kidney histology, ultrasonography of the thyroid gland and positive antithyroglobulin antibodies. We used intravenous methylprednisolone pulse therapy followed by 40 mg/day oral prednisolone. The patient achieved complete remission of nephrotic syndrome and steroids were tapered without relapse.CEN Case Reports.