Article

Statin therapy within the Perioperative period

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6 and Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Pitié-Salpêtrière, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France.
Anesthesiology (Impact Factor: 6.17). 07/2008; 108(6):1141-6. DOI: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e318173ef8e
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    ABSTRACT: Statins improve overall outcomes after noncardiac surgery. The primary aim of the study was to determine whether use of perioperative atorvastatin reduced the rate of postoperative complications in patients undergoing pulmonary resection. This was a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial of patients undergoing elective pulmonary resection who received atorvastatin (40 mg daily) or placebo beginning 1 week before surgery and continued for 1 week postoperatively. Patient characteristics and postoperative complications were recorded. Plasma inflammatory markers were sampled at baseline, in the post-anesthesia care unit, and on postoperative day 3. Because of difficulty enrolling statin-naive patients, the study was stopped at the interim analysis. Postoperative complications occurred in 16 of 72 patients (22%) receiving placebo and in 8 of 65 patients (12%) receiving atorvastatin (P = .13). For patients undergoing major anatomic resection, there were 24 complications in 15 of 45 placebo-treated patients and 8 complications in 7 of 43 atorvastatin-treated patients (P = .04). Plasma levels of C-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor-α, and myeloperoxidase did not differ between the 2 treatment arms during the study. After a 2-week perioperative course of atorvastatin (40 mg) in statin-naïve patients undergoing major pulmonary resection, we found evidence of a reduction in the number of clinically important cardiovascular and pulmonary complications compared with placebo. These promising results merit evaluation in a larger, perhaps multicenter study. Copyright © 2015 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 08/2014; 16(1):47-48. DOI:10.1080/22201173.2010.10872634
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Perioperative hydroxy-3-methyl glutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) have been shown to decrease morbidity and mortality after noncardiac surgery. The objective of this study was to assess patient understanding of the potential benefits of perioperative statins in a select population already on chronic therapy. A secondary aim was to determine the frequency with which patients recalled having a discussion with their provider regarding perioperative statins. DESIGN: Survey. SETTING: Teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients taking daily statins presenting to a preoperative medical evaluation clinic were offered a 12-question survey that assessed their understanding of the potential benefit of taking the medication in the perioperative period. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: One hundred thirty-two patients completed the questionnaire. The mean age was 68.3 years (standard deviation, 9.0); 42% were female. The most frequent surgical referral to the clinic was orthopedics, at 36%. The most common statin prescribed was atorvastatin, in 35% of patients. Twenty-seven percent of patients (n = 36) recognized that perioperative statins are beneficial; 44% of these patients (n = 14) cited decreased cholesterol during the procedure as the reason, representing 12% of the total sampled population. Twenty-two percent (n = 8) of those recognizing the benefit of perioperative statins identified a decrease in the risk of heart attack or death as the reason. This represented only 6% of the total sample. One percent of surgeons mentioned statins in relation to the planned surgery; 2% of primary or prescribing physicians mentioned the medication in relation to surgery. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested low patient understanding of the potential importance and reasons for perioperative statins. In addition, this study also suggested that the information regarding the importance of perioperative statins is not being relayed to the patient at the level of the surgeon or primary care physician. All physicians involved in perioperative care can offer improved patient education to promote compliance with statin therapy in hopes of a favorable impact on perioperative outcomes.
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