Phase II trial of pegylated interferon-alpha 2b in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma.
ABSTRACT Pegylated interferon (IFN) has a longer serum half-life compared with standard IFN, and this allows for weekly dosing. In this study, the efficacy and toxicity of pegylated IFN was assessed in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC).
Thirty-two patients with previously untreated mRCC were treated with pegylated IFN-alpha 2b in a prospective, single-arm phase II trial. Pegylated IFN was given by subcutaneous administration on a weekly schedule at a dose of 4.5 microg/kg.
Of the 32 assessable patients, 29 (91%) had a nephrectomy previously, and none had been treated previously with systemic therapy. Forty-one percent had good-risk, 53% had intermediate-risk, and 6% had poor-risk features per Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center risk criteria. The best response was a complete response (CR) in 1 patient (3%). Nine patients (28%) had a partial response. Fifteen patients (47%) had stable disease. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 5 months (95% CI, 3-7 months), and median overall survival was 31 months (95% CI, 18 months to not reached). Five patients had a prolonged PFS of > or = 17 months, 1 of whom achieved a CR. There were no grade 4 toxicities; primary grade 3 toxicities were hematologic (11 of 32 patients; 34%) and fatigue (4 of 32 patients; 13%).
Pegylated IFN administered weekly has antitumor activity in patients with mRCC with predominantly good- and intermediate-risk features. This study suggests comparable efficacy and safety compared with standard IFN-alpha.
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ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor gefitinib with pegylated-IFNα (PEG-IFNα) in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. Progression-free survival (PFS) rate at 6 months >50% was considered promising for further evaluation. Patients with unresectable or metastatic disease, unlimited prior therapies, and adequate performance status and end-organ function were eligible. PEG-IFNα was dosed subcutaneously once weekly (initially 6 μg/kg/week, later reduced to 4 μg/kg/week) for 12 weeks. Gefitinib was given 250 mg orally once daily until progression or intolerance. Twenty-one patients were accrued. Fourteen patients had a prior nephrectomy, and twelve had prior systemic therapy. The 6-month PFS was 29% (95%CI 15-56%). Best responses by RECIST criteria: complete, partial (1, plus 3 unconfirmed) stable (Uhlman et al. Clin Cancer Res 1:913-920, 1995), and progression (Sirotnak et al. Clin Cancer Res 6:4885-4892, 2000). Response duration: complete response (35+ months) and partial response (2, 3, 3, 37 months). Median PFS and overall survival were 5.3 (95%CI 3-10.1) and 13.6 (95%CI 10.3-NA) months, respectively. Most common toxicities included myelosuppression, rash, and nausea. Although generally well tolerated, gefitinib plus PEG-IFNα did not meet the pre-specified 6-month PFS rate >50%. Further evaluation of similar regimens would require appropriate molecular selection of subjects most likely to benefit. Thus, preclinical studies to determine candidate predictive markers for this combination are warranted.International Journal of Clinical Oncology 03/2011; 16(5):494-9. DOI:10.1007/s10147-011-0212-8 · 2.17 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy profile of pegylated interferon α-2b (PEG-IFN α-2b) in combination with photochemotherapy (PUVA) in the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) in comparison with standard IFN α plus PUVA. Retrospective cohort study over a period of 7 years. A total of 17 consecutive CTCL patients (stage IA-IV) were retrospectively analysed for toxicity and response rates associated with PEG-IFN α-2b (1.5 μg/kg weekly) plus PUVA (n = 9) or standard IFN α-2a (9 MIU 3×/week) plus PUVA (n = 8). Differences of response rates (complete/partial remission), progression-free survival, discontinuation of therapy, safety and toxicity profiles according to World Health Organization - Common Terminology Criteria of Adverse Events (WHO-CTCAE). Myelosuppression and liver toxicity occured more frequently during PEG-IFN α-2b plus PUVA treatment than during standard IFN α-2a plus PUVA therapy [77.8 vs. 50% (odds ratio 1.477) and 77.8 vs. 50% (odds ratio 1.692), respectively]. By contrast, the occurence of constitutional side-effects (mainly fatigue) [100 vs.77.8% (odds ratio 0.889)] and more adverse events leading to study discontinuation was considerably higher in the standard IFN α-2a plus PUVA group. The overall response rate in the PEG-IFN α-2b plus PUVA group (89%) was significantly superior. In patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma PEG-IFN α-2b plus PUVA might become a promising treatment alternative as its higher rate of myelosuppression and liver toxicity is outweighed by its lower percentage of constitutional side-effects, and its significantly higher overall response. Due to the small number of participants at this retrospective study, a larger prospective study is essential to verify our results.Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 01/2012; 26(1):71-8. DOI:10.1111/j.1468-3083.2011.04011.x · 3.11 Impact Factor