History of inguinal hernia repair changed over the decades from repair by tissue approximation to the insertion of synthetic mesh and the introduction of laparoscopic repair. Despite accounting for 15-20% of hernia operations worldwide, many surgeons considered previous lower abdominal surgery as a contraindication to performing totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair.
The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of TEP in primary and recurrent inguinal hernias in patients with previous lower abdominal surgery.
This study was a retrospective review of patients who underwent TEP inguinal hernia repair from January 2001 to July 2005. Variables studied included patient demographics, type of hernia, type of previous surgery, conversion to open repair, postoperative complications, and overnight admission.
One hundred eight patients (107 males, 1 female), with a median age of 55 years (range 87-24), underwent TEP repair. Ninety-four patients had primary inguinal hernias, and 13 patients had recurrent inguinal hernias. Seventeen patients had a previous lower abdominal surgery (13 primary and 4 recurrent inguinal hernias). There was 1 conversion to open repair and 1 case of postoperative bleeding that required an exploration-both in the group with no previous surgery. Postoperative complications were minimal. All cases were performed as day cases; however, patients with recurrent hernia stayed longer in the hospital than those with primary hernia (P = 0.006).
TEP repair is feasible in patients with previous lower abdominal surgery. TEP was planned as a day-case procedure; however, patients with recurrent hernias needed a planned admission, as an overnight stay was required.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records to estimate the feasibilityand surgical outcome of laparoscopic herniorrhaphies in patients with previous lower abdominal surgery. Methods: Between December 2000 and December 2008, a total of 1,101 cases of laparoscopic herniorrhaphies were performed in 974 patients, among them 47 cases (4.27%) of laparoscopic herniorrhaphy in 40 patients who had undergone previous lower abdominalsurgery were enrolled to this study. Results: Most patients (23 of 24) who had a history of appendectomy successfully underwent laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair.Six patients who had history of a prostatectomy and 2 patients with a Pfannenstiel incision underwent an intraperitoneal only mesh (IPOM) repair after a failed TEP repair. Five patients had lower midline incisions due to panperitonitis, among them TEP repairs wereperformed in 3 patients and IPOM was performed after failed TEP repairs in 2 patients whohadundergone surgery due to trauma-induced rupture of the bladder. Conclusion: Laparoscopic TEP hernia repair could be possible and reasonable in patients after an appendectomy;however, it is difficult in patients with previous pelvic surgeries. Additional studies are needed to determine whether or not laparoscopic TEP repair for inguinal hernias is feasible in patients who have undergone other general surgical procedures.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society 06/2010; 78(6). DOI:10.4174/jkss.2010.78.6.405 · 0.73 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of totally extraperitoneal (TEP) endoscopic hernia surgery after previous lower abdominal surgery, which may preclude preperitoneal dissection.
All 331 consecutive patients undergoing TEP surgery between January 2008 and December 2010 were included in a prospective cohort study. This case-control study included a study group and a comparison group. The study group consisted of 23 patients with a history of previous lower abdominal surgery before undergoing TEP endoscopic hernia repair. For the comparison group, 46 patients were randomly selected (two for every patient in the study group) and matched with the study cohort in terms of age, gender, and laterality of inguinal hernia. Perioperative data were obtained for all the patients including demographic data, operation time, length of hospital stay, narcotic dose, conversions, and complications.
A total of 69 patients with inguinal hernias underwent TEP surgery: 23 patients with previous abdominal surgery (study group) and 46 patients without such surgery (control group). No conversions were necessary in the control group, but one case (4.4%) in the study group was converted to transabdominal preperitoneal hernia repair (TAPP) (P = 0.33). Peritoneal injury requiring intracorporeal repair was encountered in six study group patients and eight control group patients (P = 0.53). No differences were observed between the two groups in terms of operative times, analgesic use, hospital stay, return to daily activities, or postoperative complications.
In experienced hands, TEP hernia repair for patients with previous lower abdominal surgery can be performed safely. In this study, the operative outcomes were comparable with those for patients who had no history of lower abdominal surgery.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The laparoscopic approach to repair of inguinal hernia has proven advantages over open repair. Repair of more technically challenging hernias, such as patients previously receiving prostatectomy, has been less studied and may not have these advantages. We aimed to compare safety, feasibility, and clinical outcomes for repairs in patients who previously underwent prostatectomy to control subjects.
We undertook a case-control study using a prospectively collected database. From 2004, all patients were routinely offered totally extraperitoneal laparoscopic repair. All patients who had a history of previous prostatectomy were identified and compared to a matched control group. Both operative and follow-up data were analyzed.
Of 987 patients undergoing surgery during this time period, 52 prostatectomy patients were identified (44 % open, 44 % robotic, 3 % laparoscopic) and matched to 102 control subjects. Accounting for bilateral repairs, 203 hernia repairs had been performed. Patients were well matched for age and American Society of Anesthesiologists score. Operative time was longer for prostatectomy patients (mean, 70 vs. 52 min, p < 0.0001); however, this reduced over time when comparing the first and second half prostatectomy patients (77 vs. 63 min, p = 0.144). Overall, there were no intraoperative or major postoperative complications and only one conversion (prostatectomy group). No significant differences were found for rates of minor postoperative complications, length of stay, or recurrence (n = 1, control group). No difference was observed for chronic pain, and all patients in each group reported satisfaction with surgery at contemporary follow-up.
In experienced hands, totally extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair for patients previously having undergone prostatectomy is safe and has equivalent outcomes to patients not having undergone prostatectomy, and is an option to open repair. Understandably, slightly longer operative times may be justified, given the benefits of early discharge and less postoperative pain after laparoscopic surgery.
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