Totally extraperitoneal laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair is a safe option in patients with previous lower abdominal surgery.
ABSTRACT History of inguinal hernia repair changed over the decades from repair by tissue approximation to the insertion of synthetic mesh and the introduction of laparoscopic repair. Despite accounting for 15-20% of hernia operations worldwide, many surgeons considered previous lower abdominal surgery as a contraindication to performing totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair.
The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of TEP in primary and recurrent inguinal hernias in patients with previous lower abdominal surgery.
This study was a retrospective review of patients who underwent TEP inguinal hernia repair from January 2001 to July 2005. Variables studied included patient demographics, type of hernia, type of previous surgery, conversion to open repair, postoperative complications, and overnight admission.
One hundred eight patients (107 males, 1 female), with a median age of 55 years (range 87-24), underwent TEP repair. Ninety-four patients had primary inguinal hernias, and 13 patients had recurrent inguinal hernias. Seventeen patients had a previous lower abdominal surgery (13 primary and 4 recurrent inguinal hernias). There was 1 conversion to open repair and 1 case of postoperative bleeding that required an exploration-both in the group with no previous surgery. Postoperative complications were minimal. All cases were performed as day cases; however, patients with recurrent hernia stayed longer in the hospital than those with primary hernia (P = 0.006).
TEP repair is feasible in patients with previous lower abdominal surgery. TEP was planned as a day-case procedure; however, patients with recurrent hernias needed a planned admission, as an overnight stay was required.
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ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic groin hernia repair has been shown to be a safe, well-tolerated procedure. Here, we report a series of patients who underwent laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) mesh repair as day cases. We performed 984 repairs on 769 patients, 218 had bilateral repairs. Mean operating time was 25 min for unilateral and 38 min for bilateral repairs. Three were converted, and 39 required admission. Five were readmitted more than 48 h postoperatively. Three required reoperation for small bowel obstruction from herniation through a peritoneal defect. Only 57% of patients required analgesia for a mean of 1.9 days after discharge. Recovery times were similar for unilateral and bilateral herniae. Eight hernias have recurred to date. Laparoscopic hernia repair is suitable for day-case surgery for unilateral, bilateral, and recurrent herniae. TAPP repair allows inspection of the contralateral groin, with repair of defects as necessary.Surgical Endoscopy 04/2003; 17(3):491-3. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Many practicing surgeons claim that hernias after previous lower abdominal surgery should be treated by transabdominal preperitoneal repair (TAPP). Moreover, previous radical prostatectomy contraindicates the laparoscopic approach for hernia repair. This prospective study was designed to examine the feasibility and to evaluate the surgical outcome of laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) hernia repair in patients who had undergone previous lower abdominal surgery or radical prostatectomy, and to compare this group to all patients who underwent laparoscopic TEP without previous surgery during the study period. Patients undergoing elective inguinal hernia repair, by one staff surgeon, in the Department of Abdominal Surgery at the Institute of Laparoscopic Surgery (ILS, Bordeaux) between September 2003 and December 2004 were prospectively enrolled to this study. Three groups were defined--patients with previous radical prostatectomy, patients with previous lower abdominal surgery, and patients without previous surgery--and their data were analyzed and compared. A total of 256 laparoscopic inguinal hernia repairs were performed in 202 patients. Of these, 148 patients had unilateral hernia (143 right and 113 left) and 54 patients had bilateral hernias. There were 166 male patients and 36 female patients with a mean age of 61 +/- 16 years. Of these, 10 patients had inguinal hernia after prostatectomy and 15 patients had inguinal hernia after previous lower abdominal surgery. The mean operative time was significantly longer in the patients with previous prostatectomy than in the two other groups. Two patients after prostatectomy were converted to TAPP due to surgical difficulties. There were no major intraoperative complications in all patients except for three cases of bleeding arising from the inferior epigastric artery: two in the postprostatectomy group and one in a patient without previous surgery. Both ambulation and hospital stay were similar for all groups. Only one patient without previous surgery had postoperative bleeding and was reoperated on several hours after the hernia repair. During the follow-up period of 8 +/- 4 months, there was no recurrence of the hernia in any group. Laparoscopic TEP for inguinal hernia repair in patients after previous low abdominal surgery has good results, similar to those in patients without previous surgery. Despite a longer operative time, TEP repairs can be performed efficiently and safely in patients after prostatectomy by skilled and experienced laparoscopic surgeons.Surgical Endoscopy 04/2006; 20(3):473-6. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: One hundred years ago, Edoardo Bassini said: "L'ernia é una malattia meccanica." Before that, Ambroise Paré (1598) and Joseph-Pierre Desault (1798) asserted the mechanical nature of strangulation. Beside strangulation, the most serious of all complications even today, I have studied huge hernias, which are natural complications, and recurrent hernias, which are the complications of suboptimal repairs. In this article, I consider the general features and diagnostic and technical consequences of the repair of groin and incisional hernias. The treatment of strangulating hernias, usually an emergency operation, has not seen any recent technical progress. Huge and recurrent hernias, however, usually allow time for adequate surgical preparation. These hernias are also amenable to modern prosthetic repairs. In prosthetic repairs, large pieces of polyester mesh are inserted beneath the muscular wall outside the peritoneum. They act as artificial, nonabsorbable endoabdominal fascia, making the abdominal wall instantly and definitively pressure tight. The state of hernial surgery has advanced to the point that one must consider the systematic surgical cure of all diagnosed hernias.World Journal of Surgery 01/1989; 13(5):545-54. · 2.23 Impact Factor