Supportive care needs of men living with prostate cancer in England: a survey

King's College London, Division of Health and Social Care Research, Florence Nightingale School of Nursing Midwifery, 5th Floor, Waterloo Bridge Wing, Franklin Wilkins Building, 150 Stamford Street, London SE19NN, UK.
British Journal of Cancer (Impact Factor: 4.82). 07/2008; 98(12):1903-9. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6604406
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Men with prostate cancer have various treatment options depending upon their stage of disease, age and presence of comorbidity. However, these treatments typically induce side effects, which generate currently ill-defined supportive care needs. This study examined the supportive care needs of men with prostate cancer within England. A postal questionnaire survey was conducted in six acute NHS Trusts. Seven hundred and forty-one men with prostate cancer participated. They had been diagnosed 3-24 months prior to the survey and had received various treatments. Men surveyed had specific and significant unmet supportive care needs. Areas of greatest need are related to psychological distress, sexuality-related issues and management of enduring lower urinary tract symptoms. High levels of psychological distress were reported, and those reporting psychological distress reported greater unmet supportive care needs. Unmet sexuality-related need was highest in younger men following radical prostatectomy. Lower urinary tract symptoms were almost universal in the sample. Perceived quality of life varied; men unsure of their remission status reported lowest quality of life. Psychological distress impacts significantly on perceived unmet need and is currently not being assessed or managed well in men living with prostate cancer in England.

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to explore the perceived need for supportive care including healthy lifestyle programs among cancer survivors, their attitude towards self-management and eHealth, and its association with several sociodemographic and clinical variables and quality of life. A questionnaire on the perceived need for supportive care and attitude towards self-management and eHealth was completed by 212 cancer survivors from an online panel. Highest needs were reported regarding physical care (66 %), followed by healthy lifestyle programs (54 %), social care (43 %), psychological care (38 %), and life question-related programs (24 %). In general, cancer survivors had a positive attitude towards self-management and eHealth. Supportive care needs were associated with male gender, lower age, treatment with chemotherapy or (chemo)radiation (versus surgery alone), hematological cancer (versus skin cancer, breast cancer, and other types of cancer), and lower quality of life. A positive attitude towards self-management was associated with lower age. A more positive attitude towards eHealth was associated with lower age, higher education, higher income, currently being under treatment (versus treatment in the last year), treatment with chemotherapy or (chemo)radiation (versus surgery alone), prostate and testicular cancer (versus hematological, skin, gynecological, and breast cancer and other types of cancer), and lower quality of life. The perceived need for supportive care including healthy lifestyle programs was high, and in general, cancer survivors had a positive attitude towards self-management and eHealth. Need and attitude were associated with sociodemographic and clinical variables and quality of life. Therefore, a tailored approach seems to be warranted to improve and innovate supportive care targeting cancer survivors.
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    ABSTRACT: : Women with cervical cancer constitute a patient population in need for ongoing, person-centred supportive care. Our aim was to synthesise current available evidence with regard to the supportive care needs of women living with and beyond cervical cancer.Methods: A systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA Statement guidelines. Seven electronic databases (DARE, Cochrane, MEDLINE, CINAHL, BNI, PsychINFO and EMBASE) were searched to identify studies employing qualitative and/or quantitative methods. Pre-specified selection criteria were applied to all records published between 1990 and 2013. Methodological quality evaluation was conducted using the standardised QualSyst evaluation tool. Findings were integrated in a narrative synthesis.Findings: Of 4,936 references initially retrieved, 15 articles (13 unique studies) met eligibility criteria. One study fell below a pre-specified 55% threshold of methodological quality and was excluded. Individual needs were classified into ten domains of need. Interpersonal/intimacy (10; 83.3%), health system/information (8; 66.7%), psychological/emotional (7; 58.3%) and physical needs (6; 50%) were those most frequently explored. Spiritual/existential (1; 8.3%), family-related (2; 16.7%), practical (2; 16.7%), and daily living needs (2; 16.7%) were only rarely explored. Patient-clinician communication needs and social needs were addressed in 4 studies (33.3%). Dealing with fear of cancer recurrence, concerns about appearance/body image, lack of sexual desire, requiring more sexuality-related information, dealing with pain, and dealing with difficulties in relationship with partner were the most frequently cited individual needs (≥ 4 studies).Conclusions: Despite a host of additional needs experienced by women with cervical cancer, a predominant focus on sexuality/intimacy and information seeking issues is noted. Study limitations preclude drawing conclusions as to how these needs evolve over time from diagnosis to treatment and subsequently to survivorship. Whether demographic or clinical variables such as age, race/ethnicity, disease stage or treatment modality play a moderating role, only remains to be answered in future studies.
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Prostate cancer survivors are keen to engage as active partners in the management of their condition but have voiced a number of unmet support needs that make effective self-management problematic. Identifying self-management behaviours and evaluating how self-management changes over time may provide valuable insights into how men can be better supported to self-manage. Our systematic review aimed to identify the self-management behaviours for prostate cancer survivors and to evaluate whether these change over time.Methods Using the PRISMA statement we performed a systematic review of studies that identified the self-management behaviours of prostate cancer survivors. Databases searched included: DARE, CDSR, Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO and ASSIA. Studies were classified by levels of evidence and quality assessment.Results 111 publications were retrieved from the search and 5 publications were included. Men performed a variety of self-management behaviours for psychological and physical problems. Only one study assessed changes in self-management behaviours over time and was limited to men treated by radiotherapy.Conclusion Despite the recent political drive for cancer survivors to self-manage, this review has demonstrated the evidence base is under-developed and a wide range of research is needed to address the unmet supportive care needs of prostate cancer survivors. Practically, this review has identified that Dodd’s Self-Care Log was found to have the strongest psychometric properties for additional research in this area.
    01/2014; DOI:10.1177/1744987114523976