A placebo-controlled trial of prucalopride for severe chronic constipation.
ABSTRACT In this 12-week trial, we aimed to determine the efficacy of prucalopride, a selective, high-affinity 5-hydroxytryptamine4 receptor agonist, in patients with severe chronic constipation.
In our multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, phase 3 trial, patients with severe chronic constipation (< or =2 spontaneous, complete bowel movements per week) received placebo or 2 or 4 mg of prucalopride, once daily, for 12 weeks. The primary efficacy end point was the proportion of patients having three or more spontaneous, complete bowel movements per week, averaged over 12 weeks. Secondary efficacy end points were derived from daily diaries and validated questionnaires completed by patients. Adverse events, clinical laboratory values, and cardiovascular effects were monitored.
Efficacy was analyzed in 620 patients. The proportion of patients with three or more spontaneous, complete bowel movements per week was 30.9% of those receiving 2 mg of prucalopride and 28.4% of those receiving 4 mg of prucalopride, as compared with 12.0% in the placebo group (P<0.001 for both comparisons). Over 12 weeks, 47.3% of patients receiving 2 mg of prucalopride and 46.6% of those receiving 4 mg of prucalopride had an increase in the number of spontaneous, complete bowel movements of one or more per week, on average, as compared with 25.8% in the placebo group (P<0.001 for both comparisons). All other secondary efficacy end points, including patients' satisfaction with their bowel function and treatment and their perception of the severity of their constipation symptoms, were significantly improved with the use of 2 or 4 mg of prucalopride as compared with placebo, at week 12. The most frequent treatment-related adverse events were headache and abdominal pain. There were no significant cardiovascular effects of treatment.
Over 12 weeks, prucalopride significantly improved bowel function and reduced the severity of symptoms in patients with severe chronic constipation. Larger and longer trials are required to further assess the risks and benefits of the use of prucalopride for chronic constipation. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00483886 [ClinicalTrials.gov].).
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ABSTRACT: Chronic constipation (CC) often occurs after spinal cord injury (SCI). Prucalopride is a novel, highly selective, specific serotonin4 receptor agonist with enterokinetic properties. We evaluate the tolerability and pilot efficacy of prucalopride in the treatment of CC due to SCL. Double-blind, placebo-controlled, pilot, phase 11, dose-escalation study. After 4 weeks' run in, patients received prucalopride 1 mg (n = 8) or placebo (n = 4); 11 new patients were randomized to prucalopride 2 mg (n = 8) or placebo (n = 3) once daily for 4 weeks. Patients recorded bowel function (diary) and assessed constipation severity and treatment efficacy (visual analogue scale (VAS) 0-100 mm). Colonic transit times were determined. Compared with run in. mean changes in constipation severity (VAS) increased with placebo, but decreased with prucalopride 1 and 2 mg. The VAS score for treatment efficacy showed a clear dose response (medians 4, 52 and 73 for placebo, 1 and 2 mg, respectively). Diary data showed an improvement in average weekly frequency of all bowel movements over 4 weeks within the 2 mg group (median 0.6; 95% CI 0.2; 1.2). There was a significant reduction in median colonic transit time with 2 mg (n = 4; -38.5 h (95% CI -80; -5)). Four patients (2 mg) reported moderate/severe abdominal pain, and two of these discontinued treatment. There were no clinically relevant effects on any of the safety parameters. This pilot study indicates that prucalopride can play an important role in the management of patients with CC due to SCI.Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2002; 37(4):431-6. · 2.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Chronic constipation is a common gastrointestinal disorder. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of tegaserod, a serotonin subtype 4 receptor partial agonist in patients with chronic constipation. This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. After a 2-week baseline, patients received tegaserod 2 mg twice daily (n = 450), tegaserod 6 mg twice daily (n = 451), or placebo (n = 447) for 12 weeks, followed by a 4-week withdrawal period. Responders were those patients having been treated for at least 7 days with an increase of > or =1 complete spontaneous bowel movement/week vs. baseline during weeks 1-4 (primary variable) and weeks 1-12 (secondary variable). Other secondary variables included patient assessment of constipation symptoms (number of bowel movements, stool form, abdominal bloating/distention, straining, and abdominal pain/discomfort), and global assessment of constipation and bowel habits. Responder rates for complete spontaneous bowel movement during weeks 1-4 were significantly greater ( P < 0.0001) in the tegaserod 2 mg twice daily (41.4%) and 6 mg twice daily groups (43.2%) vs. placebo (25.1%). This effect was maintained over 12 weeks. Statistically significant improvements over placebo were observed across the majority of secondary variables for both tegaserod doses. No rebound effect was observed after treatment withdrawal. Tegaserod was well tolerated; headache and nasopharyngitis, the most frequent adverse events, were more common in the placebo group than in either tegaserod group. Over 12 weeks, tegaserod treatment produced significant improvements in chronic constipation symptoms and was also safe and well tolerated.Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology 09/2004; 2(9):796-805. · 6.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Agonists of the serotonin 5-hydroxytryptamine 4 (5-HT4) receptor are widely used to activate motility in the gastrointestinal tract. Among these, cisapride was recently withdrawn from the U.S. market because of its proarrhythmic effects. Cisapride is a potent blocker of human ether-à-gogo (HERG) K(+) channels and prolongs the cardiac action potential in a reverse use dependence manner. We compared the effects of four different 5-HT4 receptor agonists (cisapride, prucalopride, renzapride and mosapride) on cloned HERG channels with the objective to evaluate and compare their proarrhythmic potential. K(+) currents from HERG-transfected COS-7 cells were recorded under physiological conditions using the whole cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. Short (500 ms) depolarizing prepulses were used and following deactivating HERG currents were measured. Cisapride inhibited the HERG channels in a concentration-dependent manner with an IC(50) of 2.4 10(-7) M. The IC(50) value for prucalopride to block HERG (5.7 10(-6) M) was 20-fold higher than that of cisapride. Renzapride was slightly more potent than prucalopride (IC(50) = 1.8 10(-6) M). Mosapride produced no significant effects on the recombinant HERG current. The voltage dependence of HERG block was also investigated. The block mediated by cisapride or renzapride was voltage-dependent whereas that produced by prucalopride was not. We conclude that the rank order of potency of 5-HT4 agonists to block HERG is cisapride > renzapride > prucalopride > mosapride. We also conclude that 5-HT4 agonists devoid of side effects on the HERG current such as mosapride can be found as a safe alternative to cisapride.Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 12/2001; 299(3):1007-12. · 3.89 Impact Factor