Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory As a Tool for Isomer Assignments of Hydrogen-Bonded Solute·Solvent Clusters

Departement für Chemie und Biochemie, Universität Bern, Freiestrasse 3, CH-3000 Bern 9, Switzerland.
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A (Impact Factor: 2.69). 07/2008; 112(25):5566-72. DOI: 10.1021/jp801044x
Source: PubMed


Can isomer structures of hydrogen-bonded solute x solvent clusters be assigned by correlating gas-phase experimental S0 <--> S1 transitions with vertical or adiabatic excitation energies calculated by time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT)? We study this question for 7-hydroxyquinoline (7HQ), for which an experimental database of 19 complexes and clusters is available. The main advantage of the adiabatic TD-B3LYP S0 <--> S1 excitations is the small absolute error compared to experiment, while for the calculated vertical excitations, the average offset is +1810 cm(-1). However, the empirically adjusted vertical excitations correlate more closely with the experimental transition energies, with a standard deviation of sigma = 72 cm(-1). For the analogous correlation with calculated adiabatic TD-DFT excitations, the standard deviation is sigma = 157 cm(-1). The vertical and adiabatic TD-DFT correlation methods are applied for the identification of isomers of the 7-hydroxyquinoline.(MeOH) n , n = 1-3 clusters [Matsumoto, Y.; Ebata, T.; Mikami, N. J. Phys. Chem. B 2002, 106, 5591]. These confirm that the vertical TD-DFT/experimental correlation yields more effective isomer assignments.

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