Long single alpha-helical tail domains bridge the gap between structure and function of myosin VI.
ABSTRACT Myosin VI has challenged the lever arm hypothesis of myosin movement because of its ability to take approximately 36-nm steps along actin with a canonical lever arm that seems to be too short to allow such large steps. Here we demonstrate that the large step of dimeric myosin VI is primarily made possible by a medial tail in each monomer that forms a rare single alpha-helix of approximately 10 nm, which is anchored to the calmodulin-bound IQ domain by a globular proximal tail. With the medial tail contributing to the approximately 36-nm step, rather than dimerizing as previously proposed, we show that the cargo binding domain is the dimerization interface. Furthermore, the cargo binding domain seems to be folded back in the presence of the catalytic head, constituting a potential regulatory mechanism that inhibits dimerization.
Anesthesiology 11/1999; 91(4):1167-8. · 5.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Myosin VI is an unconventional motor protein with unusual motility properties such as its direction of motion and path on actin and a large stride relative to its short lever arms. To understand these features, the rotational dynamics of the lever arm were studied by single-molecule polarized total internal reflection fluorescence (polTIRF) microscopy during processive motility of myosin VI along actin. The axial angle is distributed in two peaks, consistent with the hand-over-hand model. The changes in lever arm angles during discrete steps suggest that it exhibits large and variable tilting in the plane of actin and to the sides. These motions imply that, in addition to the previously suggested flexible tail domain, there is a compliant region between the motor domain and lever arm that allows myosin VI to accommodate the helical position of binding sites while taking variable step sizes along the actin filament.Molecular Cell 01/2008; 28(6):954-64. · 14.18 Impact Factor