Exciton energy transfer-assisted photoluminescence brightening from freestanding single-walled carbon nanotube bundles.
ABSTRACT Photoluminescence (PL) brightening is clearly observed through the direct morphology transition from isolated to thin bundled vertically- and individually freestanding single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). On the basis of the precise spectra analysis and equation-based estimation of the PL time trace, the origin of the PL brightening is consistently explained in terms of the exciton energy transfer through the tube bundles. The PL brightening is also revealed to obviously depend on SWNT diameters. Only the small-diameter rich sample can realize the PL brightening, which can be explained by the different concentrations of metallic SWNTs causing a PL quenching. Since it can be possible to fabricate brightly illuminating nanotubes on various kinds of substrates, the bundle engineering with freestanding nanotubes is expected to be a potential candidate for realizing the nanotube-based PL device fabrication.
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ABSTRACT: Recent research in plasma chemical vapor deposition (CVD) for single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) growth has achieved low-temperature synthesis, individually freestanding formation, and structure control of diameter, chirality, and length. Detailed growth kinetics of SWNTs are revealed using a combination of techniques for plasma control and nanomaterial analysis. Plasma CVD also allows tube metallicity to be controlled by tuning the mean diameter of SWNTs. This plasma CVD progress contributes to the next stage of nanotube fabrication, which is required for practical use of SWNTs in a variety of applications.Journal of Nanotechnology 01/2010;
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ABSTRACT: The integrity of the serotonin (5-HT) system is essential to normal respiratory and thermoregulatory control. Male and female transgenic mice lacking central 5-HT neurons (Lmx1b(f/f/p) mice) show a 50% reduction in the hypercapnic ventilatory response and insufficient heat generation when cooled (Hodges and Richerson, 2008a; Hodges et al., 2008b). Lmx1b(f/f/p) mice also show reduced body temperatures (T(body)) and O(2) consumption [Formula: see text] , and breathe less at rest and during hypoxia and hypercapnia when measured below thermoneutrality (24 °C), suggesting a role for 5-HT neurons in integrating ventilatory, thermal and metabolic control. Here, the hypothesis that Pet-1 null mice, which retain 30% of central 5-HT neurons, will demonstrate similar deficits in temperature and ventilatory control was tested. Pet-1 null mice had fewer medullary tryptophan hydroxylase-immunoreactive (TPH(+)) neurons compared to wild type (WT) mice, particularly in the midline raphé. Female (but not male) Pet-1 null mice had lower baseline ventilation (V(E)), breathing frequency (f), [Formula: see text] and T(body) relative to female WT mice (P < 0.05). In addition, V(E) and [Formula: see text] were decreased in male and female Pet-1 null mice during hypoxia and hypercapnia (P < 0.05), but only male Pet-1 null mice showed a significant deficit in the hypercapnic ventilatory response when expressed as % of control (P < 0.05). Finally, male and female Pet-1 null mice showed significant decreases in T(body) when externally cooled to 4 °C. These data demonstrate that a moderate loss of 5-HT neurons leads to a modest attenuation of mechanisms defending body temperature, and that there are gender differences in the contributions of 5-HT neurons to ventilatory and thermoregulatory control.Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology 03/2011; 177(2):133-40. · 2.05 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We present an overview of the recent developments in de-bundling and sorting of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes (SWNTs), which are useful for hi-tech applications in dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Applications of SWNTs as transparent and conductive films, catalyst, and scaffold in DSSCs are also reviewed.International Journal of Photoenergy 01/2010; · 2.66 Impact Factor