Antioxidant and free radical scavenging potential of Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad. methanolic fruit extract.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra-136119 Haryana, India.
Acta Pharmaceutica (Impact Factor: 1.16). 07/2008; 58(2):215-20. DOI:10.2478/v10007-008-0008-1
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad. (Cucurbitaceae) is a medicinal plant traditionally used as an abortifacient and to treat constipation, oedema, bacterial infections, cancer and diabetes. Preliminary phytochemical screening of the plant showed the presence of large amounts of phenolics and flavonoids. Subsequent quantification showed the presence of 0.74% (m/m) phenolics (calculated as gallic acid) and 0.13% (m/m) flavonoids calculated as catechin equivalents per 100 g of fresh mass. The presence of phenolic compounds prompted us to evaluate its antioxidant activity. In the present study, methanolic fruit extract of C. colocynthis was screened to evaluate its free radical scavenging effect. The highest antioxidant and free radical scavenging ability of the fruit extract was observed at a concentration of 2500 microg mL(-1).

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract The antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of two edible mushrooms (Pleurotus ostreatus PBS281009 and Coprinus comatus M8102) were evaluated in this study. The mycelium ethanolic extract obtained in the presence of four different nitrogen sources was investigated with regard to their production of phenolic compounds, β-carotene, lycopene, and their antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. Significant differences in phenol and β-carotene concentrations in mycelia grown in different nitrogen sources were observed. Corn extract proved to be the most appropriate source for increasing bioactive properties, leading to the lowest EC(50) and minimum inhibitory concentration values in the P. ostreatus PBS281009 species, while peptone was the most suitable for the C. comatus M8102 species. The antimicrobial capacity was screened against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and against two species of Candida. These results indicate that the mycelia from these two edible mushrooms can be used as nutraceuticals and functional products.
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  • The Scientific World Journal. 09/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To study the phytochemical screening of different extracts from Citrullus colocynthis (C. colocynthis) seeds extracts and to assess their antioxidant activity on the DPPH free radical scavenging.Methods Phytochemical screening, total content of polyphenols and flavonoids of C. colocynthis seeds extracts, including a crude aqueous extract (E1), a defatted aqueous extract (E2), a hydromethanolic extract (HM), an ethyl acetate extract (EA) and a n-butanol extract (n-B) was carried out according to the standard methods and to assess their corresponding effect on the antioxidant activity of this plant.ResultsNone of these extracts contained detectable amount of alkaloid, quinone, antraquinone, or reducing sugar. Catechic tannins and flavonoids were abundant in E1, HM and EA, whilst terpenoids were abundantly present in E1 and n-B but only weekly in HM. Coumarins were found in E2, EA and n-B. Polyphenols, expressed as gallic acid equivalent, amounted, per 100 g plant matter, to 329, 1002 and 150 mg in EA, HM an E1 respectively. Flavonoids, expressed as catechin equivalent, amounted, per 100 g plant matter to 620, 241 and 94 mg in EA, HM and E1 respectively. Comparable values were found in n-B and E1, with lower values in E2. Quercetin, myricetin and gallic acid were found in the EA and HM extracts by thin layer chromatography, The antioxidative effect of these extracts yielded, when tested at a concentration of 2 000 μg/mL in a 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl assay, a reducing percentage of 88.8% with EA, 74.5% with HM and 66.2% with E1, and corresponding IC50 of 350, 580 and 500 μg/mL as compared to 1.1 μg/mL for ascorbic acid.Conclusions These qualitative and quantitative analytical data document the presence in C. colocynthis extracts of such chemical compounds as flavonoids responsible for the antioxidant activity, as well as other biological activities of this plant.

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