Regulation of two-pore-domain (K2P) potassium leak channels by the tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein.
ABSTRACT Two-pore-domain potassium (K2P) channels mediate potassium background (or 'leak') currents, controlling excitability by stabilizing membrane potential below firing threshold and expediting repolarization. Inhibition of K2P currents permits membrane potential depolarization and excitation. As expected for key regulators of excitability, leak channels are under tight control from a plethora of stimuli. Recently, signalling via protein tyrosine kinases (TKs) has been implicated in ion channel modulation. The objective of this study was to investigate TK regulation of K2P channels.
The two-electrode voltage clamp technique was used to record K2P currents in Xenopus oocytes. In addition, K2P channels were studied in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells using the whole-cell patch clamp technique.
Here, we report inhibition of human K2P3.1 (TASK-1) currents by the TK antagonist, genistein, in Xenopus oocytes (IC50=10.7 microM) and in CHO cells (IC50=12.3 microM). The underlying molecular mechanism was studied in detail. hK2P3.1 was not affected by genistin, an inactive analogue of genistein. Perorthovanadate, an inhibitor of tyrosine phosphatase activity, reduced the inhibitory effect of genistein. Current reduction was voltage independent and did not require channel protonation at position H98 or phosphorylation at the single TK phosphorylation site, Y323. Among functional hK2P family members, genistein also reduced K2P6.1 (TWIK-2), K2P9.1 (TASK-3) and K2P13.1 (THIK-1) currents, respectively.
Modulation of K2P channels by the TK inhibitor, genistein, represents a novel molecular mechanism to alter background K+ currents.
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ABSTRACT: Long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus is thought to contribute to memory formation. In the Ca1 region, LTP requires the NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptor-dependent influx of Ca2+ and activation of serine and threonine protein kinases. Because of the high amount of protein tyrosine kinases in hippocampus and cerebellum, two regions implicated in learning and memory, we examined the possible additional requirement of tyrosine kinase activity in LTP. We first examined the specificity in brain of five inhibitors of tyrosine kinase and found that two of them, lavendustin A and genistein, showed substantially greater specificity for tyrosine kinase from hippocampus than for three serine-threonine kinases: protein kinase A, protein kinase C, and Ca2+/calmodulin kinase II. Lavendustin A and genistein selectively blocked the induction of LTP when applied in the bath or injected into the postsynaptic cell. By contrast, the inhibitors had no effect on the established LTP, on normal synaptic transmission, or on the neurotransmitter actions attributable to the actions of protein kinase A or protein kinase C. These data suggest that tyrosine kinase activity could be required postsynaptically for long-term synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus. As Ca2+ calmodulin kinase II or protein kinase C seem also to be required, the tyrosine kinases could participate postsynaptically in a kinase network together with serine and threonine kinases.Nature 11/1991; 353(6344):558-60. · 36.28 Impact Factor