Atypical fibrous histiocytoma of the scrotum.
ABSTRACT Atypical fibrous histiocytoma is a rare neoplasm. A scrotal location for this tumor is even more unusual. We report a case of a 90-year-old man with scrotal atypical fibrous histiocytoma. Our case had histologic features consistent with those cases previously reported in the literature. The tumor consists of cells with large hyperchromatic irregular nuclei, bizarre multinucleated cells (monster cells), and xanthomatous cells with large prominent nuclei set in a background of classic fibrous histiocytoma. Rare mitotic figures are identified. Immunohistochemical studies showed the tumor cells to be positive for vimentin, smooth muscle actin, desmin, KP-1, factor XIIIa, and MIB-1 (less than 10%). In addition to the expected immunohistochemical studies, the tumor stained diffusely positive for CD117. To our knowledge, this is the first report of atypical fibrous histiocytoma of the scrotum.
- SourceAvailable from: Soumaya Ben Abdelkrim
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- "Lesion size ranges from 0.4 cm to 8 cm (median 1.5 cm) . Distinctive histological features are pleomorphic, plump, spindle, and/or polyhedral cells with large hyperchromatic irregular nuclei, bizarre multinucleated cells (monster cells), and xanthomatous cells with large prominent nuclei set in a background of classic fibrous histiocytoma, including epidermal hyperplasia, grenz zone, spindle cell areas showing a storiform pattern and entrapped thickened, and hyaline collagen bundles, especially at the periphery  . "
ABSTRACT: Atypical fibrous histiocytoma is a distinctive variant of cutaneous fibrous histiocytoma, which is often mistaken histologically for sarcoma and which have a tendency to recur locally and a capacity to metastasize, although very rarely. We report a new case of atypical cutaneous fibrous histiocytoma in a 31-year-old man who presented with a recurrent polypoid nodule on the abdominal wall. The diagnosis was made on the basis of morphological and immunohistochemical findings. We discuss through this case and a review of the literature pathological and evolutive features and diagnostic difficulties of this entity.07/2011; 2011:612416. DOI:10.1155/2011/612416
- Acta Dermato-Venereologica 03/2013; 93(6). DOI:10.2340/00015555-1563 · 3.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: : Atypical fibrous histiocytoma (AFH) is an uncommon variant of cutaneous fibrous histiocytoma that can display histologic features associated with malignancy. Fewer than 150 cases have been reported in the literature. The majority of these lesions present on the trunk and extremities of middle-aged women. Genital lesions are rare, with one documented case of vulvar AFH and another case of scrotal AFH in the literature. We report an additional case of a 68-year-old woman who was diagnosed with an AFH in an unusual location, the perianal area. Histologically, the lesion was characterized by a nodular fairly well-circumscribed proliferation of large epithelioid macrophages with scattered lymphocytes and mast cells in the background. The atypical macrophages contained enlarged markedly pleomorphic nuclei with prominent nucleoli. Scattered multinucleated "monster cells" and atypical mitoses were observed throughout the lesion. Immunologically, the lesional cells were focally positive when stained with antibodies against CD163 and Factor XIIIa. They were negative for CD34, CD31, desmin, smooth muscle actin, CAM 5.2, keratin 5/6, S100, CD3, CD20, and CD30. The constellation of histologic and immunologic features was most consistent with an AFH. To our knowledge, this case is the first perianal presentation of AFH to date.The American Journal of dermatopathology 09/2013; 36(2). DOI:10.1097/DAD.0b013e31829bd682 · 1.39 Impact Factor