Health attitudes and behaviors: comparison of Japanese and Americans of Japanese and European Ancestry.
ABSTRACT Adults living in Japan (N = 357) and the US (N = 223) completed semi-structured interviews assessing health-related attitudes and practices. The US respondents were of Japanese (N = 106) and European (N = 117) ancestry. Results indicated considerable similarity between the two US groups and significant differences between the Japanese and American respondents. The Japanese respondents placed less priority on health, had less belief in the efficacy of health screening tests, lower levels of internal health locus of control (HLOC), and higher levels of chance and powerful-others HLOC. While Japanese and Americans had similar overall levels of healthy behaviors, the Japanese were less likely to have obtained health screening tests (especially gynecologic exams). The findings have implications for adapting health promotion programs in the context of Japanese and American cultures.
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ABSTRACT: Fondaparinux (FPX), a selective inhibitor of factor Xa, is widely used for the prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after total joint arthroplasty. However, the association between plasma FPX concentration and adverse events and the occurrence of VTE has not been clarified thus far. We aimed to prospectively evaluate these associations by measuring anti-Xa activity of FPX in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) and investigate whether factors such as age, body weight, and renal function influence the anti-Xa levels. We enrolled 85 patients who underwent primary THA. All patients received subcutaneous FPX (2.5 mg/day for 14 days) after surgery. Anti-Xa activity was measured on postoperative days 1, 3, 7, and 14. To assess VTE, multidetector row computed tomography was performed in all patients at 1 week after surgery. The median levels of anti-Xa activity increased as follows (medians with 95 % confidence interval): 0.00 (0.00-0.01) mg/L, 0.13 (0.11-0.14) mg/L, 0.19 (0.17-0.20) mg/L, and 0.24 (0.22-0.25) mg/L on postoperative days 1, 3, 7, and 14, respectively. The plasma accumulation of FPX was more likely in patients with renal impairment than in those with normal renal function. In contrast, a poor correlation was observed between the plasma levels of anti-Xa activity and age or body weight. No differences were observed in the anti-Xa activity in patients with and without postoperative VTE or bleeding. Substantial increase in the levels of anti-Xa activity was observed, especially in patients with renal impairment, after subcutaneous administration of FPX 2.5 mg after THA.Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 07/2012; 34(4):526-32. · 1.99 Impact Factor
- Australian Journal of Primary Health 06/2012; · 0.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study on individuals with type 2 diabetes living in Japan aimed to examine work-related factors that influence self-care and psychological health among people. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 121 working adults with type 2 diabetes. A self-report questionnaire assessed demographics, work characteristics, self-disclosure of diabetes, support in the workplace, work-related difficulties due to diabetes, and workplace conformity. Dietary self-care, exercise, depression, and emotional distress were also evaluated. The results indicated statistically significant influence of working night shifts, self-disclosure of diabetes, and workplace conformity on dietary self-care. Work-related difficulties due to diabetes had negative effects on depression and emotional distress, and job control and support in the workplace were found to be correlated with emotional distress. These findings suggest that work-related factors have an impact on some forms of self-care activities and psychological health and that it is important to increase understanding of these issues and provide appropriate support for workers through education and counseling and adjustments in the workplace.Nursing and Health Sciences 09/2012; · 0.71 Impact Factor