Article

Common variants near MC4R are associated with fat mass, weight and risk of obesity

MRC Epidemiology Unit, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK.
Nature Genetics (Impact Factor: 29.65). 07/2008; 40(6):768-75. DOI: 10.1038/ng.140
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To identify common variants influencing body mass index (BMI), we analyzed genome-wide association data from 16,876 individuals of European descent. After previously reported variants in FTO, the strongest association signal (rs17782313, P = 2.9 x 10(-6)) mapped 188 kb downstream of MC4R (melanocortin-4 receptor), mutations of which are the leading cause of monogenic severe childhood-onset obesity. We confirmed the BMI association in 60,352 adults (per-allele effect = 0.05 Z-score units; P = 2.8 x 10(-15)) and 5,988 children aged 7-11 (0.13 Z-score units; P = 1.5 x 10(-8)). In case-control analyses (n = 10,583), the odds for severe childhood obesity reached 1.30 (P = 8.0 x 10(-11)). Furthermore, we observed overtransmission of the risk allele to obese offspring in 660 families (P (pedigree disequilibrium test average; PDT-avg) = 2.4 x 10(-4)). The SNP location and patterns of phenotypic associations are consistent with effects mediated through altered MC4R function. Our findings establish that common variants near MC4R influence fat mass, weight and obesity risk at the population level and reinforce the need for large-scale data integration to identify variants influencing continuous biomedical traits.

0 Followers
 · 
245 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recent genome wide association studies identified many loci in several genes that have been consistently associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus in various ethnic populations. Among the genes that were most strongly associated with diabetes were fat mass- and obesity-associated, melanocortin 4 receptor, solute carrier family 30 member 8 (SLC30A8), and a member of the potassium voltage-gated channels. In the present study, we examined the association between variants in fat mass- and obesity-associated [rs9939609 (A/T)], melanocortin 4 receptor [rs17782313 (C/T), and rs12970134 (A/G)], SLC30A8 [rs13266634 (C/T)], and a member of the potassium voltage-gated channels [rs2237892(C/T)] genes in diabetes patients from Saudi Arabia. Genotypes were determined using the TaqMan single-nucleotide polymorphism genotype analysis technique. Minor allele frequency of the 4 variants tested was comparable between type 2 diabetes cases and controls. We observed an association between allele variants of SLC30A8 [rs13266634 (C/T)] and type 2-diabetes (P = 0.04). The other single-nucleotide polymorphisms examined in this study showed moderate or no correlation with diabetes in Saudis. Our data indicate that the SLC30A8 polymorphisms are associated with type 2 diabetes in the Saudi population. There is no evidence supporting an association between variants in the fat mass- and obesity-associated and melanocortin 4 receptor, and a member of the potassium voltage-gated channels genes and type 2 diabetes in the Saudi population.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 12/2014; 13(4):10194 - 10203. DOI:10.4238/2014.December.4.14 · 0.85 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Six rare functional coding mutations were previously identified in melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) in 6,760 American Indians. Individuals heterozygous for one of these mutations become obese while young. We now investigate whether common non-coding variation near MC4R also contributes to obesity. Fifty-six tag single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in 3,229 full-heritage Pima Indians, and nine of these SNPs which showed evidence for association were genotyped in additional 3,852 mixed-heritage American Indians. Associations of SNPs with maximum body mass index (BMI) in adulthood (n = 5,918), BMI z score in childhood (n = 5,350), percent body fat (n = 864), energy expenditure (n = 358) and ad libitum food intake (n = 178) were assessed. Conditional analyses demonstrated that SNPs, rs74861148 and rs483125, were independently associated with BMI in adulthood (β = 0.68 kg/m(2) per risk allele, p = 5 × 10(-5); β = 0.58 kg/m(2), p = 0.002, respectively) and BMI z score in childhood (β = 0.05, p = 0.02; β = 0.07, p = 0.01, respectively). One haplotype (frequency = 0.35) of the G allele at rs74861148 and the A allele at rs483125 provided the strongest evidence for association with adult BMI (β = 0.89 kg/m(2), p = 5.5 × 10(-7)), and was also associated with childhood BMI z score (β = 0.08, p = 0.001). In addition, a promoter SNP rs11872992 was nominally associated with adult BMI (β = 0.61 kg/m(2), p = 0.05) and childhood BMI z score (β = 0.11, p = 0.01), where the risk allele also modestly decreased transcription in vitro by 12 % (p = 0.005). This risk allele was further associated with increased percent body fat (β = 2.2 %, p = 0.002), increased food intake (β = 676 kcal/day, p = 0.007) and decreased energy expenditure (β = -53.4 kcal/day, p = 0.054). Common and rare variation in MC4R contributes to obesity in American Indians.
    Human Genetics 08/2014; 133(11). DOI:10.1007/s00439-014-1477-6 · 4.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Obesity is a crucial public health issue in developed countries, with implications for cardiovascular and brain health as we age. A number of commonly-carried genetic variants are associated with obesity. Here we aim to see whether variants in obesity-associated genes - NEGR1, FTO, MTCH2, MC4R, LRRN6C, MAP2K5, FAIM2, SEC16B, ETV5, BDNF-AS, ATXN2L, ATP2A1, KCTD15, and TNN13K - are associated with white matter microstructural properties, assessed by high angular resolution diffusion imaging (HARDI) in young healthy adults between 20-30 years of age from the Queensland Twin Imaging study (QTIM). We began with a multi-locus approach testing how a number of common genetic risk factors for obesity at the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) level may jointly influence white matter integrity throughout the brain and found a wide spread genetic effect. Risk allele rs2815752 in NEGR1 was most associated with lower white matter integrity across a substantial portion of the brain. Across the area of significance in the bilateral posterior corona radiata, each additional copy of the risk allele was associated with a 2.2% lower average FA. This is the first study to find an association between an obesity risk gene and differences in white matter integrity. As our subjects were young and healthy, our results suggest that NEGR1 has effects on brain structure independent of its effect on obesity.
    NeuroImage 07/2014; 102. DOI:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.07.041 · 6.13 Impact Factor