Dendritic cell uptake of iron-based magnetic nanoparticles.
ABSTRACT We have investigated the internalization of magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) into dendritic cells (DCs) in order to assess both the final location of the particles and the viability of the cultured cells. The particles, consisting of a metallic iron core covered with carbon, showed no toxic effects on the DCs and had no effect in their viability. We found that mature DCs are able to incorporate magnetic nanoparticles in a range of size from 10 nm to ca. 200 nm, after 24 h of incubation. We describe a method to separate cells loaded with NPs, and analyze the resulting material by electron microscopy and magnetic measurements. It is found that NPs are internalized in lysosomes, providing a large magnetic signal. Our results suggest that loading DCs with properly functionalized magnetic NPs could be a promising strategy for improved vectorization in cancer diagnosis and treatment.
- SourceAvailable from: Claire Billotey[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A new class of superparamagnetic nanoparticles bearing negative surface charges is presented. These anionic nanoparticles show a high affinity for the cell membrane and, as a consequence, are captured by cells with an efficiency three orders of magnitude higher than the widely used dextran-coated iron oxide nanoparticles. The surface coating of anionic particle with albumin strongly reduces the non specific interactions with the plasma membrane as well as the overall cell uptake and at the same time restores the ability to induce specific interactions with targeted cells by the coadsorption on the particle surface of a specific ligand. Kinetics of cellular particle uptake for different cell lines are quantitated using two new complementary assays (Magnetophoresis and Electron Spin Resonance).Biomaterials 04/2003; 24(6):1001-11. · 7.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Dendritic cells, the most potent 'professional' antigen-presenting cells, hold promise for improving the immunotherapy of cancer. In three different well-characterized tumour models, naive mice injected with bone marrow-derived dendritic cells prepulsed with tumour-associated peptides previously characterized as being recognized by class I major histocompatibility complex-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocytes, developed a specific T-lymphocyte response and were protected against a subsequent lethal tumour challenge. Moreover, in the C3 sarcoma and the 3LL lung carcinoma murine models, treatment of animals bearing established macroscopic tumours (up to 1 cm2 in size) with tumour peptide-pulsed dendritic cells resulted in sustained tumour regression and tumour-free status in more than 80% of cases. These results support the clinical use of tumour peptide-pulsed dendritic cells as components in developing effective cancer vaccines and therapies.Nature Medicine 01/1996; 1(12):1297-302. · 22.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Amphiphilic and fluorescent covalently labelled core-shell nanoparticles based on poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), were prepared by random copolymerisation of N-Vinyl carbazole (NVC) with MMA, initiated on polysaccharidic radicals, yielding diblock copolymers of either dextran-P(MMA-NVC) (Nanodex* particles), or heparin-P(MMA-NVC) (Nanohep* particles). Nanoparticles made from random copolymers of P(MMA-NVC) (PMMA*) were used as controls. The interactions between particles and a J774A1 murine macrophage-like cell line were quantified by direct measurement of the cell-associated fluorescence. The association with the cells occurred within 30 min. Nanodex* and Nanohep* showed considerably less association than the control PMMA* particles. Some of the particle uptake could be attributed to phagocytosis, but more than 50% of the cell-associated fluorescence persisted at low temperature or in the presence of cytochalasin B. The results suggest that both the adsorption and the internalisation processes can be inhibited by the presence of the polysaccharide chains. In conclusion, these results confirm that nanoparticles prepared with heparin or dextran chains on their surface, probably in a brush-like configuration, show "stealth" properties in vitro as had previously been observed in vivo. If this biomimetic approach can also be applied to biodegradable polymers, these systems would provide at least an alternative to PEG-modified particles as long-circulating drug carriers systems or imaging agents.Journal of Drug Targeting 02/2000; 8(3):165-72. · 2.77 Impact Factor