Inconsistencies with physical functioning and the child health questionnaire in children with cerebral palsy
ABSTRACT To explore the performance of the Physical Functioning (PF) subscale of the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) in children with cerebral palsy (CP).
Parents of 177 children and adolescents (age 3 to 18 years) with CP completed the CHQ -Parent Form 50. Severity of CP was assessed using the 5-level Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), in which higher levels reflect more severe impairment.
PF scores were negatively correlated with GMFCS classification (R = -0.62) and were distributed bimodally in subjects with severe motor impairment. For GMFCS classifications IV and V (n = 59), PF scores were very low (means, 9 to 28; medians, 0 to 8); however, 12% of these subjects had excellent PF scores (> 88) despite being nonambulatory.
Although the CHQ PF subscale correlated well with the GMFCS, the CHQ questions on physical functioning resulted in unexpected responses in approximately 1 in 8 subjects with severe CP. These unanticipated responses to the PF subscale questions may be due to ambiguity in the questions (which do not differentiate between health problems and disability) or to alternative parental interpretation of physical functioning. Confusion in differentiating health status and functional status may make the CHQ less useful in children with significant disabilities.
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ABSTRACT: This study has two aims-the first is to compare the Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) between children with cerebral palsy (CP) and children with spina bifida (SB); the second is to investigate the relationship between HRQoL and age, sex, body mass index (BMI), level of ambulation, cooperation, family income and the mother's education level in both groups of children. The study included 96 children with CP and 70 children with SB (aged 5-18) who attended a physiotherapy and rehabilitation program at an institute of special training and rehabilitation. Socio-demographic information was obtained within the study. The Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ-PF50) was used to evaluate HRQoL. A significant difference was found in terms of age and BMI between children with CP and SB (p<0.05). HRQoL was lower for children with CP. There was a significant difference between the two groups in terms of role/social limitations - emotional behavioral, behavior, global behavior, parental impact-emotional and parental impact-time (p<0.05). A positive correlation was found between BMI and self-esteem in children with SB, unlike children with CP. The HRQoL of children with CP was lower than children with SB. The parameters of behavior and parental impact were particularly affected in the children with CP. Minimizing behavioral problems (which can improve with advancing age) of the children with CP and reducing parental impact are important for improving the HRQoL of both the child and parents. There is a need for further studies on this issue.Research in developmental disabilities 06/2013; 34(9):2725-2733. DOI:10.1016/j.ridd.2013.05.017 · 4.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of children with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) and examine its association with gender, age, injury level, injured side, and functional status. METHODS: We conducted a controlled, cross-sectional study including 70 children with OBPP. Fifty-two age-matched children without any health problems were included as controls. HRQL was assessed with the short parent form of the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ-PF28), and functional status was measured using the active movement scale (AMS). RESULTS: Children with OBPP scored significantly lower on most of the CHQ-PF28 subscales than the healthy controls (p < 0.05). Gender or age did not significantly affect scores in any domain (p > 0.05). CHQ-PF28 scores showed that there were significant differences according to the side of injury between groups, especially in the "parental impact-time" and "family activities" domains (p < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in CHQ-PF28 scores between groups that had an upper trunk involvement and total injury groups (p > 0.05), except in the "bodily pain/discomfort" domain (p < 0.05). The AMS score was weakly to moderately correlated with the "mental health" and "parental impact-time" and "general health perceptions" domains. CONCLUSION: The study demonstrated that children with OBPP have a poorer HRQL than their healthy peers. Side of injury, limitations in shoulder flexion, shoulder internal rotation, elbow flexion, elbow extension, and forearm supination were important factors affecting the HRQL of the children. The health concepts and factors discussed in the study can guide clinicians aiming to improve QoL of children with OBPP.Quality of Life Research 02/2013; DOI:10.1007/s11136-013-0369-x · 2.86 Impact Factor