Previously, we have shown that liver allografts obtained from the fetus or young mice are accepted when bone marrow cells (BMCs) from adult mice of the same strain are co-grafted. However, for practical clinical use, it is more convenient to obtain both BMCs and liver from the same adult donors. C57BL/6 mice were irradiated with a single high-dose irradiation or two low-dose irradiations and injected with donor BALB/c (8 weeks old) BMCs intravenously (IV-BMT) or directly into the recipient BM cavity (IBM-BMT). Liver tissues taken from the same donor were, on the same day, engrafted under the kidney capsules. Higher survival rates and more complete reconstitution of donor cells were achieved in the IBM-BMT group than in the IV-BMT group, and this was the case in both irradiation protocols. The acceptance of donor liver tissue was seen in all mice in which hematolymphoid cells were replaced by donor-type cells. The liver grafts of the reconstituted mice showed normal morphology and stained positively with anti-albumin antibody and Periodic Acid Schiff (PAs) staining, indicating that the grafted livers were accepted, had grown, and were functioning. These results demonstrate that the acceptance of allogeneic liver can be achieved by cografting donor BMCs via the IBM route.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have developed a new BMT method, intra-BM-BMT (IBM-BMT), in which donor BM cells (BMCs) are directly injected into the recipient's BM, resulting in a rapid recovery of donor hematopoiesis and a reduction in the severity of GVHD. In the present experiment, we attempted to retain the number of injected BMCs using magnetic beads and a magnet. The BMCs of donor mice were conjugated with magnetic beads, and these cells were then injected into the BM of recipient mice with a magnet (magnet-IBM group) and compared with conventional IBM-BMT without a magnet (IBM group). A significantly higher number of transplanted cells were detected in the injected BM in the magnet-IBM group. We next carried out day-12 colony-forming units of spleen (CFU-S) assays to examine the early stage of hematopoiesis of the injected host hematopoietic stem cells after IBM-BMT. The spleens of mice in the magnet-IBM group showed considerably higher CFU-S counts than those in the IBM group. Excellent reconstitution of donor hematopoietic cells in the magnet-IBM group was observed 1 month after IBM-BMT. These results suggest that the IBM-BMT using the combination of magnetic beads and a magnet is superior to the conventional IBM-BMT.
Bone marrow transplantation 10/2009; 45(6):993-9. DOI:10.1038/bmt.2009.278 · 3.57 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although hepatocyte transplantation (HCTx) is expected to become a useful therapy for human liver diseases, allogenic hepatocytes still tend to be rejected within a short period due to host immunosurveillance. In the present study, we investigated the effect of prior bone marrow transplantation (BMTx) for the engraftment of allogenic hepatocytes using the analbuminemic rat transplantation model. The hepatocytes of Lewis (LEW) rats were not accepted in the liver of retrorsine (RS)/partial hepatectomy (PH)-treated analbuminemic F344 (F344-alb) rats, which express the disparate major histocompatibility complex (MHC) against that of LEW rats. Prior BMTx with the LEW bone marrow cells (BMCs) after sublethal irradiation achieved acceptance and repopulation of LEW hepatocytes in the liver of the RS/PH-treated F344-alb rats, associated with elevation of serum albumin. The replacement of hepatic parenchyma with albumin positive (Alb(+)) donor hepatocytes and elevation of serum albumin levels were dependent on the bone marrow reconstitution by donor BMCs, which was more efficiently achieved by intrabone marrow (IBM)-BMTx than by intravenous (IV)-BMTx. Our results demonstrate that efficient bone marrow reconstitution by IBM-BMTx enables the replacement of the hepatic parenchyma with allogenic hepatocytes in RS/PH-treated analbuminemic rats without immunosuppressants.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report long-term (seven yr) immunological tolerance in a 16-yr-old boy, to a liver allograft donated by his father following a bone marrow transplant at age 2.5 yr from the same donor. The bone marrow transplant was complicated by severe GVHD leading to liver failure and the ensuing need for a liver transplant, performed under planned avoidance of immunosuppression. At one wk post-transplant, although a liver biopsy was histologically compatible with acute rejection, favorable clinical and biochemical evolution precluded initiating immunosuppressive therapy, thus highlighting the need for caution when interpreting early histological changes so that administration of unnecessary immunosuppression can be avoided. Induction of tolerance in transplant recipients remains an elusive goal. In those patients who had received conventional bone marrow transplants and had endured the consequences of GVHD, development of macrochimerism may allow immunosuppression-free solid organ transplantation from the same donor.
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