Levetiracetam monotherapy for late poststroke seizures in the elderly

Department of Neurology, Ankara Research and Training Hospital, Ministry of Health, Ankara, Turkey.
Epilepsy & Behavior (Impact Factor: 2.26). 07/2008; 13(3):542-4. DOI: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2008.04.025
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Stroke is the most common cause of seizures in the elderly. Antiepileptic drugs are used to treat most patients with late poststroke seizures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam (LEV) in patients aged 60 or older with late-onset poststroke seizures. This prospective study evaluated patients 60 years of age or older, who had at least two late-onset poststroke seizures and were given LEV monotherapy. Demographic data and seizure and stroke characteristics were recorded. Outpatient visits were made after 2, 4, 6, 9, and 12 months and every 3 months thereafter, and the effectiveness and tolerability of LEV were investigated. Thirty-four patients with a mean age of 69.76+/-6.41 were included in this study. Average seizure frequency before treatment was 3.61+/-3.02/month. Mean follow-up time was 17.68+/-3.24 months. At daily doses of 1000-2000 mg, 82.4% of the patients were seizure free, and 7 patients (20.6%) had side effects. LEV was discontinued in one patient because of severe somnolence. Two patients were switched to another antiepileptic drug because of uncontrolled seizures despite an increase in dose up to 3000 mg/day. LEV monotherapy can be effective and well tolerated in elderly patients with late-onset poststroke seizures.

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Available from: Gulnihal Kutlu, Sep 28, 2015
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    • "LEV has been suggested as a first-choice drug against post-stroke seizures, based on safety and efficacy profiles in clinical studies (42). Kutlu and colleagues examined the suitability of LEV monotherapy in individuals aged 60 or older and exhibiting a minimum of two late-onset post-stroke seizures (43). At daily doses of 1000–2000 mg, they reported that 82.4% of the patients were seizure free but seven patients (20.6%) had side effects. "
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    ABSTRACT: Levetiracetam (LEV) is an anti-epileptic drug commonly used for the treatment of partial onset and generalized seizures. In addition to its neuromodulatory and neuroinhibitory effects via its binding to the synaptic vesicle protein SV2A, multiple studies have suggested neuroprotective properties for LEV in both epileptic and non-epileptic conditions. The purpose of this review is to discuss the extent of LEV-mediated protection seen in different neurological conditions, the potential of LEV for easing epileptogenesis, and the possible mechanisms that underlie the protective properties of LEV. LEV has been found to be particularly beneficial for restraining seizures in animal models of spontaneous epilepsy, acute seizures, and status epilepticus (SE). However, its ability for easing epileptogenesis and cognitive dysfunction following SE remains controversial with some studies implying favorable outcomes and others reporting no beneficial effects. Efficacy of LEV as a neuroprotective drug against traumatic brain injury (TBI) has received much attention. While animal studies in TBI models have showed significant neuroprotection and improvements in motor and memory performance with LEV treatment, clinical studies suggest that LEV has similar efficacy as phenytoin in terms of its ability to prevent post-traumatic epilepsy. LEV treatment for TBI is also reported to have fewer adverse effects and monitoring considerations but electroencephalographic recordings suggest the presence of increased seizure tendency. Studies on stroke imply that LEV is a useful alternative to carbamazepine for preventing post-stroke seizures in terms of efficacy and safety. Thus, LEV treatment has promise for restraining SE-, TBI-, or stroke-induced chronic epilepsy. Nevertheless, additional studies are needed to ascertain the most apt dose, timing of intervention, and duration of treatment after the initial precipitating injury and the mechanisms underlying LEV-mediated beneficial effects.
    Frontiers in Neurology 11/2013; 4:172. DOI:10.3389/fneur.2013.00172
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    • "These characteristics make it suitable for use in the elderly [46]. Recently, two small prospective observational studies of levetiracetam as monotherapy reported good seizure control in patients with late-onset post-stroke seizures [47] [48]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Several new antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) have been introduced for clinical use recently. These new AEDs, like the classic AEDs, target multiple cellular sites both pre- and postsynaptically. The use of AEDs as a possible neuroprotective strategy in brain ischemia is receiving increasing attention and the antiepileptic drug levetiracetam, a 2S-(2-oxo-1-pyrrolidiny1) butanamide, belonging to the pyrrolidone family, could have a crucial role in regulation of epileptogenesis and neuroprotection. Recent observations suggest that levetiracetam is both safe and effective against post-stroke seizures. In this review, the potential neuroprotective role in brain ischemia and the therapeutic implications of levetiracetam in post-stroke epilepsy are discussed.
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