Levetiracetam monotherapy for late poststroke seizures in the elderly.
ABSTRACT Stroke is the most common cause of seizures in the elderly. Antiepileptic drugs are used to treat most patients with late poststroke seizures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam (LEV) in patients aged 60 or older with late-onset poststroke seizures. This prospective study evaluated patients 60 years of age or older, who had at least two late-onset poststroke seizures and were given LEV monotherapy. Demographic data and seizure and stroke characteristics were recorded. Outpatient visits were made after 2, 4, 6, 9, and 12 months and every 3 months thereafter, and the effectiveness and tolerability of LEV were investigated. Thirty-four patients with a mean age of 69.76+/-6.41 were included in this study. Average seizure frequency before treatment was 3.61+/-3.02/month. Mean follow-up time was 17.68+/-3.24 months. At daily doses of 1000-2000 mg, 82.4% of the patients were seizure free, and 7 patients (20.6%) had side effects. LEV was discontinued in one patient because of severe somnolence. Two patients were switched to another antiepileptic drug because of uncontrolled seizures despite an increase in dose up to 3000 mg/day. LEV monotherapy can be effective and well tolerated in elderly patients with late-onset poststroke seizures.
Article: Recommendations for the treatment of epilepsy in adult patients in general practice in Belgium: an update.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In 2008, a group of Belgian epilepsy experts published recommendations for antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment of epilepsies in adults and children. Selection of compounds was based on the registration and reimbursement status in Belgium, the level of evidence for efficacy, common daily practice and the personal views and experiences of the authors. In November 2011 the validity of these recommendations was reviewed by the same group of Belgian epilepsy experts who contributed to the preparation of the original paper. The recommendations made in 2008 for initial monotherapy in paediatric patients were still considered to be valid, except for the first choice treatment for childhood absence epilepsy. This update therefore focuses on the treatment recommendations for initial monotherapy and add-on treatment in adult patients. Several other relevant aspects of treatment with AEDs are addressed, including considerations for optimal combination of AEDs (rational polytherapy), pharmacokinetic properties, pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic interaction profile, adverse effects, comorbidity, treatment of elderly patients, AED treatment during pregnancy, and generic substitution of AEDs.Acta neurologica Belgica 04/2012; 112(2):119-31. · 0.54 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A high number of patients with epilepsy have comorbidities. The type of comorbidity is an important factor in deciding on the most suitable treatment, including that for acute epileptic seizures and chronic antiepileptic treatment. Evidence-based criteria should guide the selection of the appropriate antiepileptic drugs given specific comorbidities. We performed a comprehensive search of the scientific literature on epilepsy treatment in patients with the following comorbidities: heart disease, lung disease, liver disease, kidney disease, porphyria, organ transplantation, thyroid disease, metabolic disorder, infection, mental disability, psychiatric disorder, cognitive impairment, stroke, and brain tumour. Most of the studies were case series and retrospective analyses. No randomised controlled trials specifically designed for this type of clinical situation were identified. The level of scientific evidence to guide clinical decisions is therefore low. In this review we make recommendations based on the best scientific evidence available for treating epilepsy in patients with other comorbidities, including the treatment of epileptic seizures in acute situations as well as chronic antiepileptic treatment. When no scientific evidence is available, our recommendations are based on pharmacokinetic criteria and tolerability of antiepileptic drugs, using accumulated experience and the consensus of the members of the Andalusian Epilepsy Society.Seizure 09/2010; 19(7):375-82. · 1.80 Impact Factor