Article

Levetiracetam monotherapy for late poststroke seizures in the elderly

Department of Neurology, Ankara Research and Training Hospital, Ministry of Health, Ankara, Turkey.
Epilepsy & Behavior (Impact Factor: 2.06). 07/2008; 13(3):542-4. DOI: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2008.04.025
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Stroke is the most common cause of seizures in the elderly. Antiepileptic drugs are used to treat most patients with late poststroke seizures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam (LEV) in patients aged 60 or older with late-onset poststroke seizures. This prospective study evaluated patients 60 years of age or older, who had at least two late-onset poststroke seizures and were given LEV monotherapy. Demographic data and seizure and stroke characteristics were recorded. Outpatient visits were made after 2, 4, 6, 9, and 12 months and every 3 months thereafter, and the effectiveness and tolerability of LEV were investigated. Thirty-four patients with a mean age of 69.76+/-6.41 were included in this study. Average seizure frequency before treatment was 3.61+/-3.02/month. Mean follow-up time was 17.68+/-3.24 months. At daily doses of 1000-2000 mg, 82.4% of the patients were seizure free, and 7 patients (20.6%) had side effects. LEV was discontinued in one patient because of severe somnolence. Two patients were switched to another antiepileptic drug because of uncontrolled seizures despite an increase in dose up to 3000 mg/day. LEV monotherapy can be effective and well tolerated in elderly patients with late-onset poststroke seizures.

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