Article

Elastic properties of chemically derived single graphene sheets.

Max-Planck-Institut fur Festkorperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany.
Nano Letters (Impact Factor: 13.03). 08/2008; 8(7):2045-9. DOI: 10.1021/nl801384y
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The elastic modulus of freely suspended graphene monolayers, obtained via chemical reduction of graphene oxide, was determined through tip-induced deformation experiments. Despite their defect content, the single sheets exhibit an extraordinary stiffness ( E = 0.25 TPa) approaching that of pristine graphene, as well as a high flexibility which enables them to bend easily in their elastic regime. Built-in tensions are found to be significantly lower compared to mechanically exfoliated graphene. The high resilience of the sheets is demonstrated by their unaltered electrical conductivity after multiple deformations. The electrical conductivity of the sheets scales inversely with the elastic modulus, pointing toward a 2-fold role of the oxygen bridges, that is, to impart a bond reinforcement while at the same time impeding the charge transport.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
94 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The unique two-dimensional (2D) structure and chemical properties of graphene and its derivatives make it a distinctive nanoscale building block for constructing novel bulky architectures with different dimensions, such as 1D fibers, 2D films and 3D architectures. These bulky graphene materials, depending on the manner in which graphene sheets are assembled, show a variety of fascinating features that cannot be achieved from individual graphene sheet or conventional materials. Thus, over the past several years, considerable effort has been expended in fabricating various structures of bulky graphene materials and developing their corresponding applications. Here, we present a broad and comprehensive overview of the recent developments in expanding the structural diversity of bulky graphene materials and their applications in energy storage and conversion, composites, environmental remediation, etc. Finally, prospects and further developments in this exciting field of bulky graphene materials are also suggested.
    Small 03/2014; · 7.82 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A simple solvent exchange method is presented to suspend monolayers of MoS2 in various organic solvents, which facilitates the phase transformation of MoS2 and preparation of MoS2-filled polymer composites straightforwardly in organic solvents.
    Chemical Communications 03/2014; · 6.38 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report a facile modification of graphene oxide (GO) by gelatin to mimic charged proteins present in the extracellular matrix during bone formation. The bioinspired surface of GO-gelatin (GO-Gel) composite was used for biomimetic mineralization of hydroxyapatite (HA). A detailed structural and morphological characterization of the mineralized composite was performed. Additionally, MC3T3-E1 cells were cultured on the GO-Gel surfaces to observe various cellular activities and HA mineralization. Higher cellular activities such as cell adhesion, cell proliferation, and alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP) were observed on the GO-Gel surface compared with the GO or glass surface. The increase of ALP confirms that the proposed GO-Gel promotes the osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells. Moreover, the evidence of mineralization evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and alizarin red staining (ARS) corroborate the idea that a native osteoid matrix is ultimately deposited. All these data suggest that the GO-Gel hybrids will have great potential as osteogenesis promoting scaffolds for successful application in bone surgery.
    Nanoscale 04/2014; · 6.23 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
1 Download
Available from