Simplified parametric methods for [11C]PIB studies.
ABSTRACT The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the performance of various parametric reference tissue models for quantification of [11C]PIB studies. Several models with and without fixing the reference tissue efflux rate constant (k'(2)) were investigated using both simulations and clinical data. The following parametric methods were evaluated: receptor parametric mapping (basis function implementation of the simplified reference tissue model with and without fixed k'(2)), reference Logan, and several multi-linear reference tissue methods (again with and without fixed k'(2)). In addition, standardised uptake value ratios with cerebellum (SUV(r)) were evaluated. Simulations were used to assess the effects of variation in flow (R(1)), fractional blood volume (V(b)) and binding potential (BP(ND)) itself on precision and accuracy of parametric BP(ND). For clinical studies, most parametric methods showed comparable performance, with poorest results for SUV(r). Best performance was obtained for receptor parametric mapping (RPM2) and one of the multi-linear reference tissue models (MRTM2), both with fixed k'(2): BP(ND) outcome was less affected by noise and the images showed better contrast than other tested methods. RPM2 and MRTM2 also provided best accuracy and precision in the simulation studies and are therefore the methods of choice for parametric analysis of clinical [11C]PIB studies.
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ABSTRACT: Although amyloid imaging with PiB-PET ([C-11]Pittsburgh Compound-B positron emission tomography), and now with F-18-labeled tracers, has produced remarkably consistent qualitative findings across a large number of centers, there has been considerable variability in the exact numbers reported as quantitative outcome measures of tracer retention. In some cases this is as trivial as the choice of units, in some cases it is scanner dependent, and of course, different tracers yield different numbers. Our working group was formed to standardize quantitative amyloid imaging measures by scaling the outcome of each particular analysis method or tracer to a 0 to 100 scale, anchored by young controls (≤45 years) and typical Alzheimer's disease patients. The units of this scale have been named “Centiloids.” Basically, we describe a “standard” method of analyzing PiB PET data and then a method for scaling any “nonstandard” method of PiB PET analysis (or any other tracer) to the Centiloid scale.Alzheimer's and Dementia 10/2014; 11(1). DOI:10.1016/j.jalz.2014.07.003 · 17.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In vivo imaging of amyloid burden with positron emission tomography (PET) provides a means for studying the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's and related diseases. Measurement of subtle changes in amyloid burden requires quantitative analysis of image data. Reliable quantitative analysis of amyloid PET scans acquired at multiple sites and over time requires rigorous standardization of acquisition protocols, subject management, tracer administration, image quality control, and image processing and analysis methods. We review critical points in the acquisition and analysis of amyloid PET, identify ways in which technical factors can contribute to measurement variability, and suggest methods for mitigating these sources of noise. Improved quantitative accuracy could reduce the sample size necessary to detect intervention effects when amyloid PET is used as a treatment end point and allow more reliable interpretation of change in amyloid burden and its relationship to clinical course.Alzheimer's and Dementia 11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jalz.2014.09.004 · 17.47 Impact Factor