O:8 serotype Yersinia enterocolitica strains in China.

National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 102206, Beijing, China.
International Journal of Food Microbiology (Impact Factor: 3.43). 05/2008; 125(3):259-66. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2008.04.016
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Serotypes O:3, O:8 and O:9 Yersinia enterocolitica strains carrying virulence determinants are common pathogens causing human infections. In many years of surveillance in China for Y. enterocolitica, no pathogenic O:8 strains have been found where the isolated O:8 serotypes lacked the major virulence genes and in contrast to O:3 and O:9 strains, none of the O:8 isolates were from humans. These O:8 isolates lack ail, ystA, yadA and virF genes but possess the ystB gene and all belong to Biotype 1A. These O:8 strains did not kill mice and could protect immunized mice against challenge with a pathogenic O:8 strain. Compared to the Chinese pathogenic O:3 and O:9 strains which have similar pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns, the 39 Chinese O:8 animal and food isolates were different from the pathogenic O:8 reference strains. This suggests the O:8 strains lacking virulence determinants may not disseminate rapidly in humans and are maintained in animal reservoirs; and therefore exhibit higher variance and divergence from the virulent type.

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