Experimental study on subaperture testing with iterative stitching algorithm.

College of Mechatronic Engineering and Automation, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, Hunan, PR China.
Optics Express (Impact Factor: 3.53). 04/2008; 16(7):4760-5. DOI: 10.1364/OE.16.004760
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Applying the iterative stitching algorithm, we demonstrate the power of subaperture testing through experiments. Naturally the algorithm applies to flats, spherical or aspheric surfaces. We first apply it to a silicon carbide flat mirror with larger aperture than the interferometer's. The testing results help to obtain a high-precision mirror through five iterations of ion beam figuring. The second experiment is 37-subaperture testing of a large spherical mirror. Good consistence is observed between the stitching result and the full aperture test result using a Zygo interferometer. Finally we study the applicability of the algorithm to subaperture testing of a parabolic surface. The stitching result is consistent with the auto-collimation test result. Furthermore, the surface is tested with annular subapertures and also retrieved by our algorithm successfully.

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    ABSTRACT: Applying the iterative triangulation stitching algorithm, we provide an experimental demonstration by testing a Φ120mm flat mirror, a Φ1450mm off-axis parabolic mirror and a convex hyperboloid mirror. By comparing the stitching results with the self-examine subaperture, it shows that the reconstruction results are in consistent with that of the subaperture testing. As all the experiments are conducted with a 5-dof adjustment platform with big adjustment errors, it proves that using the above mentioned algorithm, the subaperture stitching can be easily performed without a precise positioning system. In addition, with the algorithm, we accomplish the coordinate unification between the testing and processing that makes it possible to guide the processing by the stitching result.
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    ABSTRACT: An aspheric testing system based on subaperture stitching interferometry has been developed. A procedure involving subaperture aberration compensation and radial position scanning was established to resolve discrepancies in the overlapped regions. During the aspheric measuring process, the Fizeau-interferometer axis, the optical axis of the asphere, and the mechanical rotation axis have to be aligned. Due to the tolerance of alignment mechanisms, subaperture interferograms would be contaminated by various amounts of aberrations associated with the rotation angle. These aberrations introduce large inconsistencies between adjacent subapertures in the stitching algorithm. Zernike coefficients of the subapertures in one annulus were examined and each coefficient term was found to be a sinusoidal function of the rotation angle. To eliminate the influence of misalignments, each subaperture was compensated with appropriate amounts of coma and astigmatism to make the resulting Zernike coefficients converge to the mean values of the sinusoidal functions. In addition, the determination of the overlapped regions relies on the precise estimate of the distance between the center of each subaperture and the center of the aspheric optics. This distance was first provided by the encoder and then estimated by position scanning along the radial direction pixel-by-pixel in numerical computations. The means of the standard deviation in the overlapped regions in the simulation and the experimental measurement of an aspheric lens were 0.00004 and 0.06 waves, respectively. This demonstrates the reliability of the subaperture aberration compensation and position scanning process.
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