Article

Nanoscale optofluidic sensor arrays

School of Applied and Engineering Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.
Optics Express (Impact Factor: 3.53). 03/2008; 16(3):1623-31. DOI: 10.1364/OE.16.001623
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In this paper we introduce Nanoscale Optofluidic Sensor Arrays (NOSAs), which are an optofluidic architecture for performing highly parallel, label free detection of biomolecular interactions in aqueous environments. The architecture is based on the use of arrays of 1D photonic crystal resonators which are evanescently coupled to a single bus waveguide. Each resonator has a slightly different cavity spacing and is shown to independently shift its resonant peak in response to changes in refractive index in the region surrounding its cavity. We demonstrate through numerical simulation that by confining biomolecular binding to this region, limits of detection on the order of tens of attograms (ag) are possible. Experimental results demonstrate a refractive index (RI) detection limit of 7 x 10(-5) for this device. While other techniques such as SPR possess a equivalent RI detection limit, the advantage of this architecture lies in its potential for low mass limit of detection which is enabled by confining the size of the probed surface area.

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