Rules of Engagement: Interspecies Interactions that Regulate Microbial Communities

Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, 53706, USA.
Annual Review of Microbiology (Impact Factor: 12.18). 07/2008; 62(1):375-401. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.micro.030608.101423
Source: PubMed


Microbial communities comprise an interwoven matrix of biological diversity modified by physical and chemical variation over space and time. Although these communities are the major drivers of biosphere processes, relatively little is known about their structure and function, and predictive modeling is limited by a dearth of comprehensive ecological principles that describe microbial community processes. Here we discuss working definitions of central ecological terms that have been used in various fashions in microbial ecology, provide a framework by focusing on different types of interactions within communities, review the status of the interface between evolutionary and ecological study, and highlight important similarities and differences between macro- and microbial ecology. We describe current approaches to study microbial ecology and progress toward predictive modeling.

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Available from: Kenneth F. Raffa, Oct 06, 2015
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    • "In addition, new bacteria may enter the colonizing community, as some bacteria go locally extinct and niches become available under new environmental conditions. Second, the bacterial community composition may change indirectly by altered biotic bacteria–bacteria (Little et al., 2008) and host– bacteria interactions (Ley et al., 2006). Bacteria–bacteria interactions within the bacterial community may alter by changes in bacterial communication via quorum sensing and quorum quenching (Waters and Bassler, 2005; Hughes and Sperandio, 2008), metabolic competitions (Rendueles and Ghigo, 2012), or cooperation (Elias and Banin, 2012). "
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    Environmental Microbiology 06/2015; DOI:10.1111/1462-2920.12926 · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    • "A more recent method is biotization, or the introduction of beneficial bacteria to tissue culture plants (Sturz and Nowak, 2000). By using a community of bacteria rather than one strain, the community is more stable and robust to perturbations , and synergistic responses have been observed on plant growth (Jessup et al., 2004; Bhattacharjee et al., 2008; Little et al., 2008). "
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    Soil Biology and Biochemistry 12/2014; 79:125–131. DOI:10.1016/j.soilbio.2014.09.011 · 3.93 Impact Factor
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