The influence of electrostatic forces on the structure and dynamics of molecular ionic liquids.
ABSTRACT The vast majority of molecular dynamics simulations are based on nonpolarizable force fields with fixed partial charges for all atoms. The traditional way to obtain these charges are quantum-mechanical calculations performed prior to simulation. Unfortunately, the set of the partial charges heavily relies on the method and the basis set used. Therefore, investigations of the influence of charge variation on simulation data are necessary in order to validate various charge sets. This paper elucidates the consequences of different charge sets on the structure and dynamics of the ionic liquid: 1-ethyl-3-methyl-imidazolium dicyanoamide. The structural features seem to be more or less independent of the partial charge set pointing to a dominance of shape force as modeled by Lennard-Jones parameters. This can be seen in the radial distribution and orientational correlation functions. The role of electrostatic forces comes in when studying dynamical properties. Here, significant deviations between different charge sets can be observed. Overall, dynamics seems to be governed by viscosity. In fact, all dynamical parameters presented in this work can be converted from one charge set to another by viscosity scaling.