Differentiation potential of human muscle-derived cells towards chondrogenic phenotype in alginate beads culture.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate the differentiation potential of two populations of muscle-derived cells (CD56- and CD56+) towards chondrogenic phenotype in alginate beads culture and to compare the effect of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFbeta1) on the differentiation process in these populations.
Muscle CD56- and CD56+ cells were cultured in alginate beads, in a chondrogenic medium, containing or not TGFbeta1 (10 ng/ml). Cultures were maintained for 3, 7, 14 or 21 days in a humidified culture incubator. At harvest, one culture of each set was fixed for alcian blue staining and aggrecan detection. The steady-state level of matrix macromolecules mRNA was assessed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Protein detection was performed by western-blot analysis. The binding activity of nuclear extracts to Cbfa1 DNA sequence was also evaluated by electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA).
Chondrogenic differentiation of both CD56+ and CD56- muscle-derived cells was improved in alginate scaffold, even without growth factor, as suggested by increased chondrogenesis markers expression during the culture. Furthermore, TGFbeta1 enhanced the differentiation process and allowed to maintain a high expression of markers of mature chondrocytes. Of importance, the combination of alginate and TGFbeta1 treatment resulted in a further down-regulation of collagen type I and type X, as well as Cbfa1 both expression and binding activity.
Thus, alginate scaffold and chondrogenic medium are sufficient to lead both populations CD56+ and CD56- towards chondrogenic differentiation. Moreover, TGFbeta1 enhances this process and allows to maintain the chondrogenic phenotype by inhibiting terminal differentiation, particularly for CD56- cells.
- Nature 01/1999; · 38.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A clinical trial was conducted to test a new protocol of normal muscle precursor cell (MPC) allotransplantation in skeletal muscles of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Cultured MPCs obtained from one of the patient's parents were implanted in 0.25 or 1 cm of a Tibialis anterior in 9 patients with DMD. MPC injections were placed 1 to 2 mm from each other, and a similar pattern of saline injections was done in the contralateral muscle. The patients were immunosuppressed with tacrolimus. Muscle biopsies were performed at the injected sites 4 weeks later. In the biopsies of the cell-grafted sites, there were myofibers expressing donor's dystrophin in 8 patients. The percentage of myofibers expressing donor's dystrophin varied from 3.5% to 26%. Evidence of small myofiber neoformation was observed in some patients. Donor-derived dystrophin transcripts were detected by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in the cell-grafted sites in all patients. The protocol of immunosuppression was sufficient to obtain these results, although it is not certain whether acute rejection was efficiently controlled in all the cases. In conclusion, intramuscular allotransplantation of normal MPCs can induce the expression of donor-derived dystrophin in skeletal muscles of patients with DMD, although this expression is restricted to the sites of MPC injection.Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology 05/2006; 65(4):371-86. · 4.35 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Members of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) family of multifunctional peptides are involved in almost every aspect of development. Model systems, ranging from genetically tractable invertebrates to genetically engineered mice, have been used to determine the mechanisms of TGF-beta signaling in normal development and in pathological situations. Furthermore, mutations in genes for the ligands, receptors, extracellular modulators, and intracellular signaling molecules have been associated with several human disorders. The most common are those associated with the development and maintenance of the skeletal system and axial patterning. This review focuses on the mechanisms of TGF-beta signaling with special emphasis on the molecules involved in human disorders of patterning and skeletal development.Birth Defects Research Part C Embryo Today Reviews 12/2003; 69(4):333-51. · 3.15 Impact Factor