Unbalanced GLA mRNAs ratio quantified by real-time PCR in Fabry patients' fibroblasts results in Fabry disease.
ABSTRACT Total or partial deficiency of the human lysosomal hydrolase alpha-galactosidase A is responsible for Fabry disease, the X-linked inborn error of glycosphingolipid metabolism. Together with the predominant alpha-galactosidase A gene mRNA product encoding the lysosomal enzyme, a weakly regulated alternatively spliced alpha-galactosidase A transcript is expressed in normal tissues, but its overexpression, due to the intronic g.9331G>A mutation, leads to the cardiac variant. We report the molecular characterization of five Fabry patients including two siblings. Sequencing analysis of the alpha-galactosidase A gene coding region and intron/exon boundaries identified the new c.124A>G (p.M42V) genetic lesion as well as a known deletion in three patients, whereas in the two remaining patients, no mutations were identified. To evaluate possible alpha-galactosidase A gene transcription alterations, both predominant and alternatively spliced mRNAs were quantified by absolute real-time PCR on total RNA preparations from the patients' fibroblasts. An impressive reduction in the predominant alpha-galactosidase A transcript was detected in the last patients (Pt 4 and Pt 5). However, the alternatively spliced mRNA was dramatically overexpressed in one of them, carrying a new intronic lesion (g.9273C>T). These findings strongly suggest a correlation between this new intronic mutation and the unbalanced alpha-galactosidase A mRNAs ratio, which could therefore be responsible for the reduced enzyme activity causing Fabry disease. The real-time assay developed here to investigate the two alpha-galactosidase A mRNAs might play a crucial role in revealing possible genetic lesions and in confirming the pathogenetic mechanisms underlying Fabry disease.
Article: Newborn screening for Fabry disease in Taiwan reveals a high incidence of the later-onset GLA mutation c.936+919G>A (IVS4+919G>A).[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Fabry disease (alpha-galactosidase A (alpha-Gal A, GLA) deficiency) is a panethnic inborn error of glycosphingolipid metabolism. Because optimal therapeutic outcomes depend on early intervention, a pilot program was designed to assess newborn screening for this disease in 171,977 consecutive Taiwanese newborns by measuring their dry blood spot (DBS) alpha-Gal A activities and beta-galactosidase/alpha-Gal A ratios. Of the 90,288 male screenees, 638 (0.7%) had DBS alpha-Gal A activity <30% of normal mean and/or activity ratios >10. A second DBS assay reduced these to 91 (0.1%). Of these, 11 (including twins) had <5% (Group-A), 64 had 5-30% (Group-B), and 11 had >30% (Group-C) of mean normal leukocyte alpha-Gal A activity. All 11 Group-A, 61 Group-B, and 1 Group-C males had GLA gene mutations. Surprisingly, 86% had the later-onset cryptic splice mutation c.936+919G>A (also called IVS4+919G>A). In contrast, screening 81,689 females detected two heterozygotes. The novel mutations were expressed in vitro, predicting their classical or later-onset phenotypes. Newborn screening identified a surprisingly high frequency of Taiwanese males with Fabry disease (approximately 1 in 1,250), 86% having the IVS4+919G>A mutation previously found in later-onset cardiac phenotype patients. Further studies of the IVS4 later-onset phenotype will determine its natural history and optimal timing for therapeutic intervention.Human Mutation 07/2009; 30(10):1397-405. · 5.69 Impact Factor
Article: A classical phenotype of Anderson-Fabry disease in a female patient with intronic mutations of the GLA gene: a case report.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Fabry disease (FD) is a hereditary metabolic disorder caused by the partial or total inactivation of a lysosomal hydrolase, the enzyme α-galactosidase A (GLA). This inactivation is responsible for the storage of undegraded glycosphingolipids in the lysosomes with subsequent cellular and microvascular dysfunction. The incidence of disease is estimated at 1:40,000 in the general population, although neonatal screening initiatives have found an unexpectedly high prevalence of genetic alterations, up to 1:3,100, in newborns in Italy, and have identified a surprisingly high frequency of newborn males with genetic alterations (about 1:1,500) in Taiwan. We describe the case of a 40-year-old female patient who presented with transient ischemic attack (TIA), discomfort in her hands, intolerance to cold and heat, severe angina and palpitations, chronic kidney disease. Clinical, biochemical and molecular studies were performed. Reported symptoms, peculiar findings in a renal biopsy - the evidence of occasional lamellar inclusions in podocytes and mesangial cells - and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, which are considered to be specific features of FD, as well as molecular evaluations, suggested the diagnosis of a classical form of FD.We detected four mutations in the GLA gene of the patient: -10C>T (g.1170C>T), c.370-77_-81del (g.7188-7192del5), c.640-16A>G (g.10115A>G), c.1000-22C>T (g.10956C>T). These mutations, located in promoter and intronic regulatory regions, have been observed in several patients with manifestations of FD. In our patient clinical picture showed a multisystemic involvement with early onset of symptoms, thus suggesting that these intronic mutations can be found even in patients with classical form of FD.BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 06/2012; 12:39. · 1.52 Impact Factor