Article

Training and detraining effects on functional fitness after a multicomponent training in older women.

Research Centre in Physical Activity Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.
Gerontology (Impact Factor: 2.68). 06/2008; 55(1):41-8. DOI: 10.1159/000140681
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Several studies have been carried out in order to evaluate the potential influence of increased physical activity on the health, biological ageing and functional ability of the elderly. However, only limited information is available on the effects of multicomponent training and detraining on functional performance.
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of 8-month multicomponent training and 3-month detraining on the functional fitness of older women.
Fifty-seven women were randomly assigned to an exercise (n = 32; 68.4 +/- 2.93 years) or a control group (n = 25; 69.6 +/- 4.20 years). The training program consisted of 2 sessions per week of aerobic, strength, balance and flexibility exercises. The functional fitness test battery was performed to assess the physical parameters associated with independent functioning in older adults.
No significant changes were observed in body mass index and cardiovascular endurance as a result of the exercise training. Training induced significant (p < 0.05) improvements in chair stand (27.3%), arm curl (17.4%), chair sit-and-reach (17.4%), up-and-go (11%) and back scratch (14.5%) tests. However, both upper and lower body strength and upper and lower flexibility declined significantly after detraining in the exercise group.
The results of this study highlight the negative effects of interrupting exercise on several physical parameters of functional fitness.

1 Follower
 · 
137 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study evaluates the effects of training and detraining on ankle proprioception in terms of kinesthesia in adult women. Sixty participants were randomly assigned to three groups. Tai Chi and Brisk Walking Groups went through a 16-week training period followed by an eight-week detraining period. The ankle plantar-flexion, dorsal-flexion, inversion, and eversion kinesthesia were measured every four weeks. The ankle kinesthesia in plantar/dorsal flexion of both exercise groups decreased, but the Tai Chi Group decreased more and sooner than the Brisk Walking Group. The training effects of Tai Chi exercise were retained but diminished during the detraining. The training effects of Brisk Walking exercise were not retained. The kinesthesia of ankle inversion and eversion remained unchanged after training. The results suggest that Tai Chi exercise is more effective in training ankle proprioception in plantar and dorsal flexion and in retaining the training effects compared with Brisk Walking exercise.
    Research in Sports Medicine 10/2014; 23(1):1-12. DOI:10.1080/15438627.2014.915835 · 1.43 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of circuit exercise training and detraining, which is defined by termination of training without additional physical activities, in type 2 diabetic patients. Elderly with type 2 diabetes were divided into a group that exercised for 1 h three times a week for 12 weeks, followed by detraining for 8 weeks, or into a control group. Muscular strength, endurance, flexibility, agility, balance, body mass index (BMI), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and blood lipid profile were measured. Of the 98 diabetic participants who joined this study, 37 patients completed the program (exercise group = 24, control group = 13). After training, muscular strength, flexibility, balance, agility, and endurance in the training group were significantly higher than at baseline and compared to the control group. HbA1c levels decreased in the training group. There was no significant improvement in BMI and blood lipid profile in either group. Flexibility and agility in the training group declined significantly after detraining. In spite of this decline, flexibility and agility were significantly higher compared to the baseline and to the control group. In type 2 diabetic patients, circuit training had a beneficial effect on the indices of physical function and glucose metabolism. Training resulted in good improvement; and during detraining, the effect of exercise training was maintained except in some parameters.
    Physiotherapy Theory and Practice 09/2014; DOI:10.3109/09593985.2014.958265
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: STRENGTH AND HIGH-VELOCITY MOVEMENTS ARE 2 ESSENTIAL CONDITIONS IN AGING HEALTH IMPROVEMENT AND MAINTENANCE. THIS ARTICLE PROVIDES A NEW APPROACH AND STRATEGIES FOR DEVELOPMENT OF STRENGTH AND POWER IN THE ELDERLY POPULATION.
    Strength and conditioning journal 01/2013; 35(2):23-29. DOI:10.1519/SSC.0b013e31828ba884 · 0.77 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
415 Downloads
Available from
May 31, 2014