Proliferation and differentiation of osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells on biomimetically and electrolytically deposited calcium phosphate coatings.
ABSTRACT Biomimetic and electrolytic deposition are versatile methods to prepare calcium phosphate coatings. In this article, we compared the effects of biomimetically deposited octacalcium phosphate and carbonate apatite coatings as well as electrolytically deposited carbonate apatite coating on the proliferation and differentiation of mouse osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells. It was found that MC3T3-E1 cells cultured on the biomimetically deposited carbonate apatite coating demonstrated the greatest proliferation rate and the highest differentiation potential. Cells on the biomimetically deposited octacalcium phosphate coating had lower proliferation rate before day 7, but higher after that, than those on the electrolytically deposited carbonate apatite coating. There was no difference on the expression of early differentiation markers, that is, alkaline phosphatase activity and collagen content, between biomimetically deposited octacalcium phosphate and electrolytically deposited carbonate apatite coatings. However, higher expression of late differentiation markers, that is, osteocalcin and bone sialoprotein mRNA, was found on the biomimetically deposited octacalcium phosphate coating on day 14. These results suggest that the difference in in vitro osteoblast cell performance of calcium phosphate coatings might relate to their physicochemical properties. Biomimetic carbonate apatite coating is the most favorable surface for the proliferation and differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells.
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ABSTRACT: The influence of biomimetic calcium phosphate coating on osteoblasts behavior in vitro is not well established yet. In this study, we investigated the behavior of osteoblastic rat osteosarcoma 17/2.8 cells (ROS17/2.8) on two groups of biomaterial surfaces: alkaline-treated titanium surface (ATT) and biomimetic calcium phosphate coated ATT (CaP). The cell attachment, proliferation, differentiation, and morphology on these surfaces were extensively evaluated to reveal the impact of substrate surface on osteoblastic cell responses. It was found that the ROS17/2.8 cells cultured on the ATT surface had higher attachment and proliferation rates compared to those on the CaP surface. Our results also showed that the calcium phosphate coatings generated in this work have an inhibiting effect on osteoblast adhesion and further influenced the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblast compared to the ATT surface in vitro. Cells on the ATT surface also exhibited a higher alkaline phosphatase activity than on the CaP surface after two weeks of culture. Immunofluorescence staining and scanning electron microscopy results showed that the cells adhered and spread faster on the ATT surface than on the CaP surface. These results collectively suggested that substrate surface properties directly influence cell adhesion on different biomaterials, which would result in further influence on the cell proliferation and differentiation.BioMed research international. 01/2013; 2013:832790.
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ABSTRACT: Our expanding ability to handle the "literally invisible" building blocks of our world has started to provoke a seismic shift on the technology, environment and health sectorsin our society. During the last two decades, it has become increasingly evident that the "nano-sized" subunits composing many materials - living, natural and synthetic - are becoming more and more accessible for predefined manipulations at the nanosize scale. The use of equally nanoscale sized or functionalised tools may, therefore, grant us unprecedented prospectsto achieve many therapeutic aims. In the past decadeitbecame clear that nano-scale surface topography significantly influences cell behaviour and may, potentially, be utilised as a powerful tool to enhance the bioactivity and/ or integration of implanted devices. In this review, we briefly outline the state of the art and some of the current approaches andconcepts for the future utilisation of nanotechnology to create biomimeticimplantable medical devices and scaffolds for in vivo and in vitrotissue engineering,with a focus onbone. Based on current knowledge it must be concluded that not the materials and surfaces themselves but the systematic biological evaluation of these newmaterial conceptsrepresent the bottleneck for new biomedical product development based on nanotechnologicalprinciples. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A, 2013.Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 03/2013; · 2.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to optimize the procedure for coating electrospun poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) fibers with a calcium phosphate (CP) layer in order to improve their potential as bone tissue engineering scaffold. In particular, attention was paid to the reproducibility of the procedure, the morphology of the coating and the preservation of the porous structure of the scaffold. Ethanol dipping followed by an ultrasonic assisted hydrolysis of the fiber surface with sodium hydroxide solution efficiently activated the surface. The resulting reactive groups served as nucleation points for CP precipitation, induced by alternate dipping of the samples in calcium and phosphate rich solutions. By controlling the deposition, a reproducible thin layer of CP was grown onto the fiber surface. The deposited CP was identified as calcium-deficient apatite (CDHAp). Analysis of the cell viability, adhesion and proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells on untreated and CDHAp coated PCL scaffolds showed that the CDHAp coating enhanced the cell response, as the number of attached cells was higher in comparison to the untreated PCL and cells on the CDHAp coated samples showed similar morphologies as the ones found in the positive control.Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 04/2014; · 2.83 Impact Factor