Proliferation and differentiation of osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells on biomimetically and electrolytically deposited calcium phosphate coatings.
ABSTRACT Biomimetic and electrolytic deposition are versatile methods to prepare calcium phosphate coatings. In this article, we compared the effects of biomimetically deposited octacalcium phosphate and carbonate apatite coatings as well as electrolytically deposited carbonate apatite coating on the proliferation and differentiation of mouse osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells. It was found that MC3T3-E1 cells cultured on the biomimetically deposited carbonate apatite coating demonstrated the greatest proliferation rate and the highest differentiation potential. Cells on the biomimetically deposited octacalcium phosphate coating had lower proliferation rate before day 7, but higher after that, than those on the electrolytically deposited carbonate apatite coating. There was no difference on the expression of early differentiation markers, that is, alkaline phosphatase activity and collagen content, between biomimetically deposited octacalcium phosphate and electrolytically deposited carbonate apatite coatings. However, higher expression of late differentiation markers, that is, osteocalcin and bone sialoprotein mRNA, was found on the biomimetically deposited octacalcium phosphate coating on day 14. These results suggest that the difference in in vitro osteoblast cell performance of calcium phosphate coatings might relate to their physicochemical properties. Biomimetic carbonate apatite coating is the most favorable surface for the proliferation and differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells.
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ABSTRACT: Mesoporous silica xerogels with various amount of calcium (0, 5, 10 and 15%, named m-SXC0, m-SXC5, m-SXC10 and m-SXC15, respectively) were synthesized by template sol-gel methods, and cell responses to m-SXCs were studied using murine pre-osteoblast MC3T3-E1 in vitro. The results showed that cell morphology was not affected by m-SXCs indicating good biocompatibility. Furthermore, cell proliferation ratio on the m-SXCs increased over time, among which m-SXC10 was highest. NO production obviously rose with the increase of Ca content in m-SXCs. ALP activity and PGE(2) level on m-SXC5 significantly improved compared with m-SXC0 while decreased with the increase of Ca content for m-SXC10 and m-SXC15. No obvious discrepancy on osteopontin mRNA expressions was observed among m-SXCs. The collagen I and osteocalcin mRNA expression on m-SXC5 were up-regulated, while decreased on m-SXC15 evidently. The phosphorylation level of ERK 1/2 for the m-SXC10 was highest after 7 days. In conclusion, calcium in m-SXCs plays an important role in osteoblast activity, which indicates mesoporous silica xerogel containing appropriate calcium could stimulate osteoblast proliferation, differentiation, gene expression via the activation of ERK 1/2 signaling pathway, and shows great prospects in bone regeneration field using as a drug controlled release filler.Journal of Materials Science Materials in Medicine 07/2010; 21(7):2175-85. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We present a versatile route for promoting cell adhesion and viability on various non-wetting surfaces, inspired by mussel adhesion mechanism. The oxidative polymerization of dopamine, a small designer molecule of the DOPA-K motif found in mussels, results in the formation of a poly(dopamine) ad-layer on any material surface. We found that the poly(dopamine) coating can promote cell adhesion on any type of material surfaces including the well-known anti-adhesive substrate, poly(tetrafluoroethylene). According to our results, mammalian cells well adhered and underwent general cell adhesion processes (i.e., attachment to substrate, spreading, and cytoskeleton development) on poly(dopamine)-modified surfaces, while they barely adhered and spread on unmodified non-wetting surfaces. The mussel-inspired surface functionalization strategy is extremely useful because it does not require the time-consuming synthesis of complex linkers and the process is solvent-free and non-toxic. Therefore, it can be a powerful route for converting a variety of bioinert substrates into bioactive ones.Biomaterials 03/2010; 31(9):2535-41. · 7.60 Impact Factor