Protoporphyrin IX fluorescence photobleaching is a useful tool to predict the response of rat ovarian cancer following hexaminolevulinate photodynamic therapy
ABSTRACT Accurate dosimetry was shown to be critical to achieve effective photodynamic therapy (PDT). This study aimed to assess the reliability of in vivo protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) fluorescence photobleaching as a predictive tool of the hexaminolevulinate PDT (HAL-PDT) response in a rat model of advanced ovarian cancer.
Intraperitoneal 10(6) NuTu 19 cells were injected in 26 female rats Fisher 344. Peritoneal carcinomatosis was obtained 26 days post-tumor induction. Four hours post-intraperitoneal HAL (Photocure ASA, Oslo, Norway) injection, a laparoscopic procedure (D-light AutoFluorescence system, Karl Storz endoscope, Tuttlingen, Germany) and a fluorescence examination were made for 22 rats. The first group (LASER group, n=26) was illuminated with laser light using a 532 nm KTP laser (Laser Quantum, Stockport, UK) on 1 cm(2) surface at 45 J/cm(2). The second group (NO LASER group, n=26) served as controls. Biopsies were taken 24 hours after PDT. Semi-quantitative histology was performed and necrosis value was determined: 0--no necrosis to 4--full necrosis. Fluorescence was monitored before and after illumination on complete responders (NV=3-4; n=20) and non-responders (NV=0-2; n=6).
High PpIX photobleaching corresponded with complete responders whereas low photobleaching corresponded with non-responders (P<0.05). A direct linear correlation was shown between photobleaching and necrosis (R(2)=0.89).
In vivo PpIX fluorescence photobleaching is useful to predict the tissue response to HAL-PDT.
SourceAvailable from: Kishore R. Rollakanti[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a treatment modality that uses a specific photosensitizing agent, molecular oxygen, and light of a particular wavelength to kill cells targeted by the therapy. Topically administered aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is widely used to effectively treat cancerous and precancerous skin lesions, resulting in targeted tissue damage and little to no scarring. The targeting aspect of the treatment arises from the fact that ALA is preferentially converted into protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) in neoplastic cells. To monitor the amount of PpIX in tissues, techniques have been developed to measure PpIX-specific fluorescence, which provides information useful for monitoring the abundance and location of the photosensitizer before and during the illumination phase of PDT. This review summarizes the current state of these fluorescence detection techniques. Non-invasive devices are available for point measurements, or for wide-field optical imaging, to enable monitoring of PpIX in superficial tissues. To gain access to information at greater tissue depths, multi-modal techniques are being developed which combine fluorescent measurements with ultrasound or optical coherence tomography, or with microscopic techniques such as confocal or multiphoton approaches. The tools available at present, and newer devices under development, offer the promise of better enabling clinicians to inform and guide PDT treatment planning, thereby optimizing therapeutic outcomes for patients.11/2013; 2(4):287-303. DOI:10.1515/plm-2013-0030
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ABSTRACT: Peritoneal carcinomatosis is the dissemination of cancer in the peritoneal cavity secondary to abdominal or extra-abdominal malignancies. Accurate assessment of the disease's burden is a challenge because of the complexity of the peritoneal cavity and the small size of the metastatic nodules. Photodynamic diagnosis (PDD) is an emerging technology in tumor diagnosis. A photosensitizer is administered, which is preferentially taken up by cancer cells. The photosensitizer emits fluorescence when exposed to a light of a specific wavelength. This helps distinguish cancer from normal tissues. We systematically reviewed the evidence for using PDD in detecting peritoneal carcinomatosis in both animal and human literature. Both Medline and EMBASE databases were searched (November 2014). The titles and the abstracts of all retrieved citations were inspected, and the full articles of the relevant articles were obtained. A total of 12 human and 18 animal studies were included. Clinical studies have shown PDD to be a safe modality with no significant adverse effects. It increases the detection of malignant peritoneal nodules by 21%-34% in comparison with white light alone. The sensitivity and specificity of PDD were reported at 83%-100% and 95%-100%, respectively. These findings were supported by multiple animal studies, which have shown an increase in the sensitivity of tumor detection when using PDD (72%-91%) in comparison with white light alone (39%). PDD is a promising modality, which improves the detection of peritoneal carcinomatosis lesions. Further research, however, should investigate the impact of PDD on the patients' therapeutic management and final outcomes. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.Journal of Surgical Research 01/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2015.01.009 · 2.12 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Current challenges and innovations in prostate cancer management concern the development of focal therapies that allow the treatment of the cancer areas only, sparing the rest of the gland to minimize the potential morbidity. Among these techniques, laser-based techniques (laser-induced thermotherapy [LITT] and interstitial photodynamic therapy [iPDT]), appear as potential candidates to reach the goal of focusing energy delivery on the identified targets. The aim of this paper is to give a brief introduction to these laser-based techniques and to discuss some issues to be addressed before their generalized clinical application.IRBM 02/2013; 34(1):28-32. DOI:10.1016/j.irbm.2012.12.006 · 0.38 Impact Factor