Dendritic cell-Ewing's sarcoma cell hybrids enhance antitumor immunity.
ABSTRACT Given the effective immunotherapy of DC-based vaccine in other cancers, we hypothesized DC-based vaccines would induce effective immune responses against Ewing's sarcoma. To verify this hypothesis and develop the most effective dendritic cell vaccine against Ewing's sarcoma, we evaluated the antitumor efficacy of dendritic cell-Ewing's sarcoma hybrids and dendritic cells pulsed with other antigen-loading methods, including cell lysates and the characteristic EWS-FLI1 gene of Ewing's sarcoma, using an A673 cell line as a model. The hybrids were generated by electrofusion with fusion efficiency and viability determined by flow cytometry and fluorescent microscopy analyses. By interferon-gamma secretion assay, the capacity of hybrids to stimulate cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs) is higher than that of other antigen-loading methods showing stronger tumor antigen-specific CTL cytotoxicity to A673. By in vivo experiment in SCID mice, all dendritic cell-based strategies induced specific immune responses to Ewing's sarcoma after mice-human immune system reconstitution by inoculating human peripheral blood mononuclear cells into the peritoneal cavity of SCID mice. However, the hybrids most inhibited the subcutaneous tumor growth in SCID mice compared with dendritic cells pulsed with other loading methods. The data suggest A673 cells respond to dendritic cell-based immunotherapy.
Article: A combination hybrid-based vaccination/adoptive cellular therapy to prevent tumor growth by involvement of T cells.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cancer immunotherapy with dendritic cell-tumor cell fusion hybrids induces polyclonal stimulation against a variety of tumor antigens, including unknown antigens. Hybrid cells can prime CTLs, which subsequently develop antitumor responses. The aim of this study was to enhance the known antitumor effect of hybrid vaccination (HC-Vacc) and hybrid-primed adoptive T-cell therapy (HC-ACT) using the poorly immunogenic Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC1) model. The strategy used was a combination of a double HC-Vacc alternating with HC-ACT (HC-Vacc/ACT). Using flat-panel volumetric computer tomography and immunohistochemistry, we showed a significant retardation of tumor growth (85%). In addition, a significant delay in tumor development, a reduction in the number of pulmonary metastases, and increased survival times were observed. Furthermore, the tumors displayed significant morphologic changes and increased apoptosis, as shown by up-regulation of gene expression of the proapoptotic markers Fas, caspase-8, and caspase-3. The residual tumor masses seen in the HC-Vacc/ACT-treated mice were infiltrated with CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocytes and showed elevated IFNgamma expression. Moreover, splenic enlargement observed in HC-Vacc/ACT-treated mice reflected the increased functionality of T cells, as also indicated by increased expression of markers for CTL activation, differentiation, and proliferation (Cd28, Icosl, Tnfrsf13, and Tnfsf14). Our findings indicate that the combination therapy of dendritic cell-tumor cell HC-Vacc/ACT is a very effective and a promising immunotherapeutic regimen against poorly immunogenic carcinomas.Cancer Research 07/2007; 67(11):5443-53. · 7.86 Impact Factor