Hematopoietic growth factors--use in normal blood and stem cell donors: clinical and ethical issues.
University of Minnesota and National Marrow Donor Program, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.Transfusion (Impact Factor: 3.53). 07/2008; 48(9):2008-25. DOI:10.1111/j.1537-2995.2008.01788.x
- Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation 12/1997; 3(6):341-3. · 3.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) traffic to and are retained in the marrow through the trophic effects of the chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha) binding to its receptor, CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4). AMD3100 reversibly inhibits SDF-1alpha/CXCR4 binding, and AMD3100 administration mobilizes CD34(+) cells into the circulation. We therefore tested the hypotheses that the combination of AMD3100 plus granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) (hereafter A + G) would be superior to G-CSF alone (hereafter G) in mobilizing hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) and that A + G-mobilized cells would engraft as well as G-mobilized cells. The primary objective was to determine whether patients mobilized more progenitor cells per unit of blood volume of apheresis after A + G administration versus G alone. Secondary objectives were to determine whether patients mobilized with A + G compared with G alone required fewer apheresis procedures to reach the target level at least 5 x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg for transplantation and to determine whether patients mobilized with A + G had at least a 90% success rate of autologous transplantation as assessed by neutrophil engraftment by day 21. Each patient served as his or her own control in a sequential mobilization design. All study objectives were met without significant toxicity. The results demonstrate that the combination of A + G is generally safe, effective, and superior to G alone for autologous HPC mobilization.Blood 10/2005; 106(5):1867-74. · 9.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A relatively young man (43 years old) was found to have a cataract after receiving prednisone before each of 35 neutrophil (PMN) donations over several years. Because corticosteroids are known to induce posterior subcapsular cataracts (PSCs), additional repeat PMN donors were examined ophthalmologically. A controlled, blinded study was performed in 11 PMN donors who received prednisone with or without G-CSF before 17 to 46 leukapheresis donations over an average of 8.5 years. Control subjects were nine plateletpheresis donors of comparable age and donation experience, but they had never donated PMNs. A complete eye examination was performed by an ophthalmologist who was unaware of the donor's status (PMN vs. platelet). Mild PSCs were found in 36 percent (4/11) of PMN donors versus 0 of 9 platelet donors (p = 0.068). Five of the 22 PMN donor eyes involved versus 0 of the 18 platelet donor eyes involved exhibited PSCs (p = 0.040). Cortical and nuclear cataracts were found similarly in both groups of donors (82% PMN vs. 56% platelet donors; p = 0.217); this indicated that lifestyle factors, independent of corticosteroids, that might predispose to cataract formation probably were comparable. Corticosteroids given before PMN donations by leukapheresis might increase the risk of PSCs. Because of widespread renewed interest in PMN transfusions, this potential risk factor--if confirmed by studies of additional PMN donors--is of great international importance. Other centers are urged to perform ophthalmologic examinations on repeat PMN donors to clarify this issue.Transfusion 01/2002; 41(12):1464-8. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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