ERCC5 is a novel biomarker of ovarian cancer prognosis

University of California, Los Angeles, Los Ángeles, California, United States
Journal of Clinical Oncology (Impact Factor: 17.88). 07/2008; 26(18):2952-8. DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2007.13.5806
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To identify a biomarker of ovarian cancer response to chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Study: participants had epithelial ovarian cancer treated with surgery followed by platinum-based chemotherapy. DNA and RNA were isolated from frozen tumors and normal DNA was isolated from matched peripheral blood. A whole-genome loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis was performed using a high-density oligonucleotide array. Candidate genomic areas that predicted enhanced response to chemotherapy were identified with Cox proportional hazards methods. Gene expression analyses were performed through microarray experiments. Candidate genes were tested for independent effects on survival using Cox proportional hazards models, Kaplan-Meier survival curves, and the log-rank test.
Using a whole-genome approach to study the molecular determinants of ovarian cancer response to platinum-based chemotherapy, we identified LOH of a 13q region to predict prolonged progression-free survival (PFS; hazard ratio, 0.23; P = .006). ERCC5 was identified as a candidate gene in this region because of its known function in the nucleotide excision repair pathway, the unique DNA repair pathway that removes platinum-DNA adducts. We found LOH of the ERCC5 gene locus and downregulation of ERCC5 gene expression to predict prolonged PFS. Integration of genomic and gene expression data shows a correlation between 13q LOH and ERCC5 gene downregulation.
ERCC5 is a novel biomarker of ovarian cancer prognosis and a potential therapeutic target of ovarian cancer response to platinum chemotherapy.

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