Passive immunization against cachectin/tumor necrosis factor protects mice from lethal effect of endotoxin. Science, 1985, 229(4716):869-871. Classical article.
Laboratory of Medical Biochemistry, Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021, USA.The Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 5.36). 08/2008; 181(1):7-9.
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ABSTRACT: With limited resources and the current concerns about using animals for research purposes, the needs must be clear when setting up trauma and sepsis experiments for pharmacologic interventions. Such interventions are performed typically for four reasons: (1) to study the pathophysiologic role of certain mediators (which can be influenced by pharmacologic agents); (2) to study the therapeutic efficacy of treatment strategies; (3) to study the overall safety of new drugs under trauma/sepsis conditions, which are adjunct studies to standard toxicology; (4) to test new diagnostic procedures in a defined trauma or sepsis setting. Intervention in the inflammatory response may be performed at several levels: (1) at the primary induction site (e.g., by antilipopolysaccharide or by preventing complement activation); (2) at the intermediate mediator level (e.g., by antitumor necrosis factor); (3) at the final mediator level (e.g. , by block of polymorphonuclear neutrophil elastase, and (4) at the target (e.g., by membrane stabilization or enhanced antioxidant defense).World Journal of Surgery 06/1996; 20(4):487-92. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Vertebrate Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5) recognizes bacterial flagellin proteins and activates innate immune responses to motile bacteria. In addition, activation of TLR5 signaling can inhibit growth of TLR5-expressing tumors and protect normal tissues from radiation and ischemia-reperfusion injuries. To understand the mechanisms behind these phenomena at the organismal level, we assessed nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activation (indicative of TLR5 signaling) in tissues and cells of mice treated with CBLB502, a pharmacologically optimized flagellin derivative. This identified the liver and gastrointestinal tract as primary CBLB502 target organs. In particular, liver hepatocytes were the main cell type directly and specifically responding to systemic administration of CBLB502 but not to that of the TLR4 agonist LPS. To assess CBLB502 impact on other pathways, we created multireporter mice with hepatocytes transduced in vivo with reporters for 46 inducible transcription factor families and found that along with NF-κB, CBLB502 strongly activated STAT3-, phenobarbital-responsive enhancer module (PREM), and activator protein 1 (AP-1-) -driven pathways. Livers of CBLB502-treated mice displayed induction of numerous immunomodulatory factors and massive recruitment of various types of immune cells. This led to inhibition of growth of liver metastases of multiple tumors regardless of their TLR5 status. The changed liver microenvironment was not, however, hepatotoxic, because CBLB502 induced resistance to Fas-mediated apoptosis in normal liver cells. Temporary occlusion of liver blood circulation prevented CBLB502 from protecting hematopoietic progenitors in lethally irradiated mice, indicating involvement of a factor secreted by responding liver cells. These results define the liver as the key mediator of TLR5-dependent effects in vivo and suggest clinical applications for TLR5 agonists as hepatoprotective and antimetastatic agents.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 04/2013; · 9.81 Impact Factor
- The Journal of Pathology 01/1993; 168(4):349-56. · 7.33 Impact Factor
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