Effect of methionine oxidation of a recombinant monoclonal antibody on the binding affinity to protein A and protein G.
ABSTRACT Oxidation of methionine (Met) residues is one of the most common protein degradation pathways. Two Met residues, Met256 and Met432, of a recombinant fully human monoclonal IgG1 antibody have been shown to be susceptible to oxidation. Met256 and Met432 are located in the antibody CH2-CH3 interface and in close proximity to protein A and protein G binding sites. The effect of oxidation of these susceptible Met residues on the binding to protein A and protein G was investigated in the current study. Incubation of the antibody with 5% tert-butyl hydroperoxide (tBHP) resulted in a nearly complete oxidation of Met256 and Met432, while incubation with 1% tBHP resulted in mixed populations of the antibody with different degrees of Met oxidation. Oxidation of Met256 and Met432 resulted in earlier elution of the antibody from protein A and protein G columns when eluted with a gradient of decreasing pH. Analysis by ELISA and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) revealed decreased binding affinity of the oxidized antibody to protein A and protein G. It is therefore concluded that oxidation of the Met256 and Met432 residues of the recombinant monoclonal antibody altered its interaction with protein A and protein G resulting in a decrease in binding affinity.
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ABSTRACT: The presence of oxidized methionine residues in therapeutic monoclonal antibodies can potentially impact drug efficacy, safety, as well as antibody half-life in vivo. Therefore, methionine oxidation of antibodies is a strong focus during pharmaceutical development and a well-known degradation pathway. The monitoring of methionine oxidation is currently routinely performed by peptide mapping/liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry techniques, which are laborious and time consuming. We have established analytical protein A chromatography as a method of choice for fast and quantitative screening of total Fc methionine oxidation during formulation and process development. The principle of this method relies on the lower binding affinity of protein A for immunoglobulin G-Fc domains containing oxidized methionines, compared with nonoxidized Fc domains. Our data reveal that highly conserved Fc methionines situated close to the binding site to protein A can serve as marker for the oxidation of other surface-exposed methionine residues. In case of poor separation of oxidized species by protein A chromatography, analytical protein G chromatography is proposed as alternative. We demonstrate that analytical protein A chromatography, and alternatively protein G chromatography, is a valuable tool for the screening of methionine oxidation in therapeutic antibodies during formulation and process development. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the American Pharmacists Association J Pharm Sci 101:4248-4257, 2012.Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 08/2012; 101(11):4248-57. · 3.13 Impact Factor
Dataset: mulinacci2011JPharmSci oxidized hGH