Effect of methionine oxidation of a recombinant monoclonal antibody on the binding affinity to protein A and protein G

Protein Analytics, Process Sciences Department, Abbott Bioresearch Center, 100 Research Drive, Worcester, MA 01605, USA.
Journal of Chromatography B (Impact Factor: 2.73). 08/2008; 870(1):55-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2008.05.045
Source: PubMed


Oxidation of methionine (Met) residues is one of the most common protein degradation pathways. Two Met residues, Met256 and Met432, of a recombinant fully human monoclonal IgG1 antibody have been shown to be susceptible to oxidation. Met256 and Met432 are located in the antibody CH2-CH3 interface and in close proximity to protein A and protein G binding sites. The effect of oxidation of these susceptible Met residues on the binding to protein A and protein G was investigated in the current study. Incubation of the antibody with 5% tert-butyl hydroperoxide (tBHP) resulted in a nearly complete oxidation of Met256 and Met432, while incubation with 1% tBHP resulted in mixed populations of the antibody with different degrees of Met oxidation. Oxidation of Met256 and Met432 resulted in earlier elution of the antibody from protein A and protein G columns when eluted with a gradient of decreasing pH. Analysis by ELISA and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) revealed decreased binding affinity of the oxidized antibody to protein A and protein G. It is therefore concluded that oxidation of the Met256 and Met432 residues of the recombinant monoclonal antibody altered its interaction with protein A and protein G resulting in a decrease in binding affinity.

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    ABSTRACT: Oxidation of methionine (Met) residues of a recombinant fully human monoclonal antibody after exposure to light was investigated and compared with chemically induced oxidation using tert-butyl-hydroperoxide (tBHP). Met256 and Met432 in the Fc region in the samples exposed to light or incubated with tBHP were oxidized. The Fc mass spectra of the antibody exposed to light showed mainly peaks with a molecular weight (MW) increase of 32 Da, however the sample treated with tBHP showed peaks with increase of only 16 Da. These results suggested that either oxidation of one Met residue (either Met256 or Met432) catalyzed the oxidation of the second Met residue on the same heavy chain (HC) or Met residues of one HC were preferentially oxidized when the antibody was exposed to light, while Met256 and Met432 were randomly oxidized when the antibody was incubated with tBHP.
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    ABSTRACT: Susceptibility of methionine residues to oxidation is a significant issue of protein therapeutics. Methionine oxidation may limit the product's clinical efficacy or stability. We have studied kinetics of methionine oxidation in the Fc portion of the human IgG2 and its impact on the interaction with FcRn and Protein A. Our results confirm previously published observations for IgG1 that two analogous solvent-exposed methionine residues in IgG2, Met 252 and Met 428, oxidize more readily than the other methionine residue, Met 358, which is buried inside the Fc. Met 397, which is not present in IgG1 but in IgG2, oxidizes at similar rate as Met 358. Oxidation of two labile methionines, Met 252 and Met 428, weakens the binding of the intact antibody with Protein A and FcRn, two natural protein binding partners. Both of these binding partners share the same binding site on the Fc. Additionally, our results shows that Protein A may serve as a convenient and inexpensive surrogate for FcRn binding measurements.
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