P-selectin-dependent monocyte recruitment through platelet interaction in intestinal microvessels of LPS-treated mice.
ABSTRACT Although platelets or monocytes are thought to be involved in intestinal inflammation, there has been no report on whether platelets can modulate monocyte recruitment in intestinal microvessels. The objective of this study was to determine whether blockade of platelet adhesion attenuates monocyte recruitment in inflamed murine intestinal microvessels.
Monocytes and platelet-rich plasma were obtained from C57B6/J mice. Interaction of monocytes and platelets with intestinal microvessels was observed under an intravital microscope. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was administered intraperitoneally. The effects of anti-P-selectin or anti-platelets antibody treatments or phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors (PDE-3 and PDE-2/4 inhibitor) treatments were also studied.
LPS-treatment increased the rolling and adhesion of both platelets and monocytes. Pretreatment with an anti-P-selectin antibody inhibited the increased platelet adhesion to venular walls and also attenuated the monocyte adhesion. A PDE-2/4 inhibitor (ibuzilast) also ameliorated both platelet and monocyte adhesion. A PDE-3 inhibitor (cilostazol) ameliorated only monocyte adhesion without directly affecting the adhesion of platelets to microvessels.
We observed inhibition of platelets adhesion attenuated monocytes recruitment in intestinal microvessels. Attenuation of LPS induced monocyte adhesion by a specific PDE-3 inhibitor suggests that P-selectin on activated platelets may play an important role through monocyte and platelet interaction.
- Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2012; · 2.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Neutrophil migration, one of the major factors predisposing to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)-induced intestinal lesions, consists of several steps, including interaction with P-selectin from platelets. Cilostazol, a specific phosphodiesterase (PDE)-3 inhibitor, suppresses the expression of P-selectin from platelets and reduces interaction between platelets and leukocytes, leading to inflammatory amelioration in several disease models. We tried to clarify the therapeutic effectiveness of cilostazol for NSAID-induced small intestinal lesions. 1) Anti-PSGL-1 antibody (2 mg/kg) or cilostazol (100 mg/kg) was administered to mice one hour before Indomethacin (IND, 2.5 mg/kg) administration for 4 days to evaluate small intestinal lesions. 2) IND-induced migratory behaviors of neutrophils and platelets were evaluated in intestinal vessels by an intravital microscopy. i) IND induced small intestinal lesions with an increase in MPO activity. Anti-PSGL-1 antibody and cilostazol ameliorated intestinal lesions along with suppression of MPO activity. ii) Intravital microscopy revealed that administration of IND increased migration of platelet-bearing neutrophils. Cilostazol treatment ameliorated neutrophil migration by blocking interaction between platelets and neutrophils. Our results suggest that enhanced platelets-bearing neutrophil migration is critically involved in the pathogenesis of IND-induced small intestinal lesions and suggest a potential application of cilostazol for prevention of NSAID-induced small intestinal lesions.Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2012; 8-9(47):993-1002. · 2.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cells of the monocyte lineage are the most abundant inflammatory cells found in atherosclerotic lesions. Dominance of the inflammatory infiltrate by monocytes indicates that there is a disease-driven mechanism supporting their selective recruitment. Previous studies have demonstrated that interactions between endothelial cells (ECs) and platelets may promote monocyte recruitment. In this study, we sought to expand on this knowledge using a complex coculture model of the diseased vessel wall. Using primary human cells in an in vitro flow-based adhesion assay, we found that secretory arterial smooth muscle cells (SMCs), cocultured with ECs, promote preferential recruitment of monocytes from blood in a TGF-β1-dependent manner. Approximately 85% of leucocytes recruited to the endothelium were CD14(+). Formation of adhesive platelet bridges on ECs was essential for monocyte recruitment as platelet removal or inhibition of adhesion to the ECs abolished monocyte recruitment. Monocytes were recruited from flow by platelet P-selectin and activated by EC-derived CC chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2), although the presentation of CCL2 to adherent monocytes was dependent upon platelet activation and release of CXC chemokine ligand 4 (CXCL4). In an intravital model of TGF-β1-driven vascular inflammation in mice, platelets were also necessary for efficient leucocyte recruitment to vessels of the microcirculation in the cremaster muscle. In this study, we have demonstrated that stromal cells found within the diseased artery wall may promote the preferential recruitment of monocytes and this is achieved by establishing a cascade of interactions between SMCs, ECs, platelets, and monocytes.Cardiovascular research 02/2011; 91(1):134-41. · 5.81 Impact Factor