P-Selectin-Dependent Monocyte Recruitment Through Platelet Interaction in Intestinal Microvessels of LPS-Treated Mice
ABSTRACT Although platelets or monocytes are thought to be involved in intestinal inflammation, there has been no report on whether platelets can modulate monocyte recruitment in intestinal microvessels. The objective of this study was to determine whether blockade of platelet adhesion attenuates monocyte recruitment in inflamed murine intestinal microvessels.
Monocytes and platelet-rich plasma were obtained from C57B6/J mice. Interaction of monocytes and platelets with intestinal microvessels was observed under an intravital microscope. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was administered intraperitoneally. The effects of anti-P-selectin or anti-platelets antibody treatments or phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors (PDE-3 and PDE-2/4 inhibitor) treatments were also studied.
LPS-treatment increased the rolling and adhesion of both platelets and monocytes. Pretreatment with an anti-P-selectin antibody inhibited the increased platelet adhesion to venular walls and also attenuated the monocyte adhesion. A PDE-2/4 inhibitor (ibuzilast) also ameliorated both platelet and monocyte adhesion. A PDE-3 inhibitor (cilostazol) ameliorated only monocyte adhesion without directly affecting the adhesion of platelets to microvessels.
We observed inhibition of platelets adhesion attenuated monocytes recruitment in intestinal microvessels. Attenuation of LPS induced monocyte adhesion by a specific PDE-3 inhibitor suggests that P-selectin on activated platelets may play an important role through monocyte and platelet interaction.
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ABSTRACT: Excessive migration of monocytes to a site of intestinal inflammation contributes to tissue damage in Crohn's disease. It is known that cilostazol, a specific phosphodiesterase-3 (PDE-3) inhibitor of platelets, decreases monocyte recruitment to intestinal mucosa through suppression of platelet-monocyte interactions. The objective of this study was to clarify whether cilostazol ameliorates murine ileitis by suppression of monocyte migration. Significant inflammation was induced in the ileum of SAMP1/Yit mice at 23 wk of age after piroxicam treatment for 3 wk. Weight of the terminal ileum of mice was significantly greater with inflammatory cell infiltration in SAMP1/Yit mice than in control mice (AKR-J). Treatment of SAMP1/Yit mice with cilostazol-containing food (200 ppm) for 3 wk significantly attenuated the increase in intestinal weight and the histological changes, including invasion of F4/80-positive macrophages. A significant increase in migration of monocytes and platelets to microvessels of the ileal mucosa was observed in SAMP/Yit mice in vivo by using an intravital fluorescence microscope. Pretreatment with cilostazol significantly attenuated the increased migration of monocytes, possibly through suppression of platelet-monocyte interactions. In conclusion, a PDE-3 inhibitor ameliorates murine ileitis through attenuating migration of monocytes to the intestinal mucosa, suggesting a potential usefulness of antiplatelet drugs for treatment of Crohn's disease.AJP Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 11/2009; 297(6). DOI:10.1152/ajpgi.00240.2009 · 3.80 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of interferon (IFN)-α on recruitment of platelets and monocytes within the murine small intestinal venular endothelium. Monocytes were isolated from bone marrow of C57B6 mice. Platelets were collected from murine blood. Rolling and adhesion to submucosal microvessels in the small intestine were examined under an intravital fluorescence microscope after injection of fluorescein-labelled monocytes or platelets. In some mice, IFN-α (5×10(5) U/kg) was administered intraperitoneally. After treatment with an antibody against P-selectin, changes in monocyte and platelet migration were also investigated. Changes in monocyte migration under the condition of thrombocytopenia were also investigated. Platelets and monocytes interacted with murine intestinal microvessels, although only few platelets and monocytes showed migration behaviour. Intraperitoneal injection of IFN-α enhanced the migration of both platelets and monocytes in the intestinal microvessels. Pretreatment with anti-P-selectin attenuated the increase in migration of platelets and monocytes induced by administration of IFN-α. Thrombocytopenia decreased the rolling ratio of monocytes, suggesting that the effect of IFN-α on migration was P-selectin-dependent, derived from both the endothelium of microvessels and platelets. The results of this study suggest that IFN-α acts as a potent proinflammatory agent via its stimulatory effect on the endothelium-platelet-monocyte interaction in intestinal microvessels by a P-selectin-dependent mechanism.Clinical & Experimental Immunology 10/2010; 162(1):156-62. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2249.2010.04222.x · 3.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cells of the monocyte lineage are the most abundant inflammatory cells found in atherosclerotic lesions. Dominance of the inflammatory infiltrate by monocytes indicates that there is a disease-driven mechanism supporting their selective recruitment. Previous studies have demonstrated that interactions between endothelial cells (ECs) and platelets may promote monocyte recruitment. In this study, we sought to expand on this knowledge using a complex coculture model of the diseased vessel wall. Using primary human cells in an in vitro flow-based adhesion assay, we found that secretory arterial smooth muscle cells (SMCs), cocultured with ECs, promote preferential recruitment of monocytes from blood in a TGF-β1-dependent manner. Approximately 85% of leucocytes recruited to the endothelium were CD14(+). Formation of adhesive platelet bridges on ECs was essential for monocyte recruitment as platelet removal or inhibition of adhesion to the ECs abolished monocyte recruitment. Monocytes were recruited from flow by platelet P-selectin and activated by EC-derived CC chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2), although the presentation of CCL2 to adherent monocytes was dependent upon platelet activation and release of CXC chemokine ligand 4 (CXCL4). In an intravital model of TGF-β1-driven vascular inflammation in mice, platelets were also necessary for efficient leucocyte recruitment to vessels of the microcirculation in the cremaster muscle. In this study, we have demonstrated that stromal cells found within the diseased artery wall may promote the preferential recruitment of monocytes and this is achieved by establishing a cascade of interactions between SMCs, ECs, platelets, and monocytes.Cardiovascular Research 02/2011; 91(1):134-41. DOI:10.1093/cvr/cvr040 · 5.94 Impact Factor