Residential Transience and Depression: Does the Relationship Exist for Men and Women?

Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2213 McElderry Street, 2nd Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.
Journal of Urban Health (Impact Factor: 1.9). 07/2008; 85(5):707-16. DOI: 10.1007/s11524-008-9294-7
Source: PubMed


Residential transience may contribute to adverse mental health. However, to date, this relationship has not been well-investigated among urban, impoverished populations. In a sample of drug users and their social network members (n = 1,024), we assessed the relationship between transience (frequently moving in the past 6 months) and depressive symptoms, measured by the CES-D, among men and women. Even after adjusting for homelessness, high levels of depressive symptoms were 2.29 [95%CI = 1.29-4.07] times more likely among transient men compared to nontransient men and 3.30 [95% CI = 1.10-9.90] times more common among transient women compared to nontransient women. Stable housing and mental health services need to be available, easily accessible, and designed so that they remain amenable to utilization under transient circumstances.

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    • "108-116, Q Emerald Group Publishing Limited, ISSN 1744-9200 DOI 10.1108/17449201211284987 Author details can be found at the end of this article. (Calsyn and Morse, 1990; Davey-Rothwell et al., 2008), disproportionately higher mortality among young women (Cheung and Hwang, 2004) and higher mortality among HIV positive women (Riley et al., 2007). Both homelessness and mental illness have reciprocal effects, leading to poor overall health and decreased ability to cope with adverse circumstances. "
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