Toward optimal health: a discussion on sex, gender, and pain.
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ABSTRACT: We compared MMPI-2 profiles of Gulf War veterans with fibromyalgia (FM) to epileptic seizure (ES) patients, psychogenic non-epileptic seizure (PNES) patients, and Gulf War veteran healthy controls. Both PNES and FM are medically unexplained conditions. In previous MMPI-2 research PNES patients were shown to have significantly higher Hs and Hy clinical scales than ES patients. In the present research the FM group had significantly higher Hs and Hy scale scores than both the ES group and the healthy control group. There was no significant difference between the FM and PNES Hs scale scores; however, the FM Hy scale score was significantly lower than the PNES Hy scale score. Present findings indicate a high level of psychological distress in the FM group.The Clinical Neuropsychologist 10/2009; 24(2):220-34. DOI:10.1080/13854040903266902 · 1.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract: Osteoarthritis is a common rheumatic disease, associated with an important deterioration in health-related quality of life (HRQL). However, arthritis impact is not the same in men and women. This study examined depression and severe pain as mediators between gender and HRQL in patients with arthritis. Two questionnaires, EuroQol-5D and the Beck Depression Inventory, were administrated to 135 patients included in the study. The effect of depression and severe pain as mediators in the relationship between gender and HRQL were examined separately, establishing a partial mediation in both cases. This study shows that physicians attending patients with arthritis, especially women, should control for symptoms of depression in order to improve HRQL.Revista de Psicopatología y Psicología Clínica 05/2010; 15(2):125-132. DOI:10.5944/rppc.vol.15.num.2.2010.4091 · 0.23 Impact Factor