Marked increase in CC chemokine gene expression in both human and mouse mast cell transcriptomes following Fcepsilon receptor I cross-linking: an interspecies comparison.
ABSTRACT Rodent mast cells (MCs) are common experimental tools but are somewhat different from their human counterparts in their responses to certain cytokines and drugs. We examined the expression of more than 10 000 distinct genes in human and mouse cultured MCs using high-density oligonucleotide probe arrays to find molecules similarly regulated and expressed by the 2 MC types. After stimulation via high-affinity Fcepsilon receptor I (FcepsilonRI), the transcriptional levels of several CC chemokines were markedly increased, and I-309 (CCL1), macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha) (CCL3) and MIP-1beta (CCL4) were found among the 10 most increased human and mouse transcripts from approximately 12 000 genes (including some expressed sequence tags). In addition, a costimulatory molecule that was originally found on the membrane of activated T cells, 4-1BB (CD137), was found among the 10 most increased transcripts. The FcepsilonRI-induced expression of CC chemokines and 4-1BB was also detected at the protein level in both MC types. The conservation of these responses suggests that MCs play a crucial role in recruitment of various CCR-expressing cells into the tissue in a manner dependent on immunoglobin E, and that FcepsilonRI-mediated induction of several CC chemokines and 4-1BB is highly conserved between human and mouse. Interspecies comparison studies at the whole genome expression level should be useful for the interpretation of experimental data obtained in animal models of human pathobiology.
Article: Mast cell survival and activation by IgE in the absence of antigen: a consideration of the biologic mechanisms and relevance.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mast cells are not only major effector cells in allergy and host defense against parasites and bacteria but also important cellular components in other immune responses. Recent studies on the effects of monomeric IgE on mast cell survival and activation have made an impact on our view of the IgE binding to its high-affinity receptors, Fc epsilonRI. Traditionally, IgE binding to Fc epsilonRI has been considered as a passive action of "sensitization" before receptor aggregation by Ag. However, recent studies indicate that at high concentrations some monoclonal IgEs have effects on mast cells similar to or identical to those induced by IgE+Ag stimulation. These effects may be due to induction of Fc epsilonRI aggregation by these IgEs in the absence of Ag. This review will synthesize recent findings of the heterogeneity of IgEs in their ability to induce survival and activation events, their mechanisms, the potential in vivo significance of IgE-Fc epsilonRI interactions, and the implications of the mouse studies to human diseases.The Journal of Immunology 11/2005; 175(7):4167-73. · 5.79 Impact Factor